Skip to main content

Select to view content by GCM objective

1 - Data

2 - Minimize adverse drivers

3 - Information provision

4 - Legal identity and documentation

5 - Regular pathways

6 - Recruitment and decent work

7 - Reduce vulnerabilities

8 - Save lives

9 - Counter smuggling

10 - Eradicate trafficking

11 - Manage borders

12 - Screening and referral

13 - Alternatives to detention

14 - Consular protection

15 - Access to basic services

16 - Inclusion and social cohesion

17 - Eliminate discrimination

18 - Skills development and recognition

19 - Migrant and diaspora contributions

20 - Remittances

21 - Dignified return and reintegration

22 - Social protection

23 - International cooperation

General

Select to view content by cross-cutting theme (GCM guiding principle)

People-centred

International cooperation

National sovereignty

Rule of law and due process

Sustainable development

Human rights

Gender-responsive

Child-sensitive

Whole-of-government approach

Whole-of-society approach

Global geographic scope

Select to view content by region

Africa

Americas

Asia

Europe

Oceania

Select to view content by country

Afghanistan

Albania

Germany

Algeria

Andorra

Angola

Antigua and Barbuda

Argentina

Armenia

Australia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Bahamas, The

Bahrain

Bangladesh

Barbados

Belarus

Belgium

Belize

Benin

Bhutan

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Botswana

Brazil

Brunei Darussalam

Bulgaria

Burkina Faso

Burundi

Cabo Verde

Cambodia

Cameroon

Canada

Central African Republic

Chad

Czechia

Chile

China

Cyprus

Colombia

Comoros

Congo, Rep.

Costa Rica

Côte d’Ivoire

Croatia

Cuba

Denmark

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Djibouti

Dominica

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

Egypt, Arab Rep.

El Salvador

Equatorial Guinea

Eritrea

Estonia

Eswatini

Ethiopia

Fiji

Finland

France

Gabon

Gambia, The

Georgia

Ghana

Grenada

Greece

Guatemala

Guinea

Guinea-Bissau

Guyana

Haiti

Honduras

Hungary

Iceland

India

Indonesia

Iran, Islamic Rep.

Iraq

Ireland

Israel

Italy

Jamaica

Japan

Jordan

Kazakhstan

Kenya

Kiribati

Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.

Korea, Rep.

Kuwait

Kyrgyzstan

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Latvia

Lebanon

Lesotho

Liberia

Libya

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Madagascar

Malawi

Malaysia

Maldives

Mali

Malta

Marshall Islands

Mauritania

Mauritius, Republic of

Mexico

Micronesia, Fed. Sts.

Monaco

Mongolia

Montenegro

Morocco

Mozambique

Myanmar

Namibia

Nauru

Nepal

Netherlands

New Zealand

Nicaragua

Niger

Nigeria

North Macedonia

Norway

Oman

Pakistan

Palau

Panama

Papua New Guinea

Paraguay

Peru

Philippines

Poland

Portugal

Qatar

Republic of Moldova

Romania

Russian Federation

Rwanda

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Samoa

San Marino

Sao Tome and Principe

Saudi Arabia

Senegal

Serbia

Seychelles

Sierra Leone

Singapore

Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

Slovak Republic

Slovenia

Solomon Islands

Somalia

South Africa

South Sudan

Spain

Sri Lanka

Sudan

Suriname

Sweden

Switzerland

Syrian Arab Republic

Tajikistan

Tanzania, United Republic of

Thailand

Timor-Leste

Togo

Tonga

Trinidad and Tobago

Tunisia

Turkey

Turkmenistan

Tuvalu

Uganda

Ukraine

United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK)

United States of America (USA)

Uruguay

Uzbekistan

Vanuatu

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Viet Nam

Yemen

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Resources: Filter by type

Analysis

E-learning course

Guidelines/Toolkits/Manuals

Journal Article

Methodology

Link

Policy Brief

Report

Resolution

Training / Workshop Material

Working Paper

Other

Gender-responsive

Cross-cutting theme in the Global Compact for Migration

The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) is based on a set of cross-cutting and interdependent guiding principles. This page provides resources for the guiding principle of Gender-responsive:

“(g) Gender-responsive. The Global Compact ensures that the human rights of women, men, girls and boys are respected at all stages of migration, that their specific needs are properly understood and addressed and that they are empowered as agents of change. It mainstreams a gender perspective and promotes gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls, recognizing their independence, agency and leadership in order to move away from addressing migrant women primarily through a lens of victimhood" (GCM, 2018: para. 15)

Gender has an impact on every aspect of migration, from why a person may be motivated to migrate, how these journeys are undertaken to arrival and integration in the country of destination and return. Even upon arrival in the country of reception, gender influences how migrants are able to integrate into their new environment. In positive scenarios, migration can be both the result and source of agency and empowerment. However, women, girls and those with diverse gender identities and/or expressions often face disproportionate risks of facing vulnerable situations and human rights violations. Existing laws and practices, as well as societal attitudes, can perpetuate structural gender inequalities and systematic gender-based discrimination. Migrants’ sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and/or sex characteristics (SOGIESC) may increase the risk of multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination. Implementing a gender-responsive approach requires a gender-specific analysis of how policies and projects affect migrants of all genders, including those who are transgender, non-binary and gender non-conforming, and those who are intersex (see glossary). 

 

Gender-responsive in the text of the Global Compact

The guiding principle of theme is also mentioned in the following sections of the GCM:

  • Objective 2, para. 18(b): Minimize the adverse drivers and structural factors that compel people to leave their country of origin
  • Objective 3, para. 19(c)(d)(e): Provide accurate and timely information at all stages of migration
  • Objective 4, para. 20(d): Ensure that all migrants have proof of legal identity and adequate documentation
  • Objective 5, para. 21(a)(d): Enhance availability and flexibility of pathways for regular migration
  • Objective 6, para. 22(k): Facilitate fair and ethical recruitment and safeguard conditions that ensure decent work
  • Objective 7, para. 23(a)(b)(c): Address and reduce vulnerabilities in migration
  • Objective 9, para. 25(c): Strengthen the transnational response to smuggling of migrants
  • Objective 11, para. 27: Manage borders in an integrated, secure and coordinated manner
  • Objective 12, para. 28(c): Strengthen certainty and predictability in migration procedures for appropriate screening, assessment and referral
  • Objective 14, para. 30(d): Enhance consular protection, assistance and cooperation throughout the migration cycle
  • Objective 15, para. 31(c): Provide access to basic services for migrants
  • Objective 16, para. 32(a)(e)(g)(i): Empower migrants and societies to realize full inclusion and social cohesion
  • Objective 18, para. 34(h): Invest in skills development and facilitate mutual recognition of skills, qualifications and competences
  • Objective 20, para. 36(e)(h): Promote faster, safer and cheaper transfer of remittances and foster financial inclusion of migrants
  • Objective 21, para. 37(b): Cooperate in facilitating safe and dignified return and readmission, as well as sustainable reintegration

The Global Compact for Migration (GCM) report is available in AR, ZH, EN, FR, RU, ES.

Resources

This report is produced by UN Women’s Economic Empowerment Section for the “Promoting and Protecting Women Migrant Workers’ Labour and Human Rights” Project, supported by the European Union.
Date of publication:
05 September 2016
Information Type:
Social protection is a universal human right and a key element of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Date of publication:
13 January 2020
Information Type:

Videos

This panel examines how the causes and consequences of international migration reflect the different experiences of women and men, and how they have changed over time.
THEMATIC AREA: GENDER PERSPECTIVES IN MIGRATION Chair: Melissa Siegel, Senior Research Fellow, UNU-MERIT “Labour and Agency: Female Migrants in the Care Sector” by Megha Amrith, Research Fellow, UNU-GCM “Nigerian Women Migrant Sex-workers, Humanitarianism and International Human Rights Law:

Projects

"No borders to equality" aims to identify and learn from the work of organizations addressing the intersection of gender and migration.
UN Women is implementing the Making Migration Safe for Women programme with the goal of helping to ensure that international norms and standards for protecting and promoting migrant women’s rights are strengthened and that migration is safe for women migrating from, into and through Niger, the first

Events

Knowledge Week aims to stimulate a discussion on the most salient issues around human trafficking and migrant smuggling with the support of experts and based on recent UNODC publications and tools.
4 October 2021, 12:00 PM to 8 October 2021, 2:00 PM
Women account for approximately half of the estimated 270 million international migrants worldwide in 2019.
30 September 2021, 12:00 to 1:30 PM

About the Migration Network Hub

What is the Migration Network Hub?

The Hub is a virtual “meeting space” where governments, stakeholders and experts can access and share migration-related information and services. It provides curated content, analysis and information on a variety of topics.

The Hub aims to support UN Member States in the implementation, follow-up and review of the Global Compact for Migration by serving as a repository of existing evidence, practices and initiatives, and facilitating access to knowledge sharing via online discussions, an expert database and demand-driven, tailor-made solutions (launching in 2021).

What content is displayed in the Hub?

The Hub aims to help you find information on migration, ranging from policy briefs and journal articles, existing portals and platforms and what they offer, to infographics and videos. The different types of resources submitted by users undergo peer review by a panel of experts from within the UN and beyond, before being approved for inclusion in the Hub. To provide guidance to users based on findings of the needs assessment, the content is ordered so that more comprehensive and global resources are shown before more specific and regional ones. Know a great resource? Please submit using the links above and your suggestion will be reviewed. Please see the draft criteria for existing practices here.

Apply to join the Peer Review Roster

Content submitted to the Migration Network Hub is first peer reviewed by experts in the field from both the UN and beyond. Applications are welcomed to join the roster on an ongoing basis. Learn more here.

Apply Now

Contact us

We welcome your feedback and suggestions, please contact us