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Objective 11 in the Global Compact for Migration

Manage borders in an integrated, secure and coordinated manner

The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) is based on 23 objectives. This page provides resources for objective 11 (Manage borders in an integrated, secure and coordinated manner):

"27. We commit to manage our national borders in a coordinated manner, promoting bilateral and regional cooperation, ensuring security for States, communities and migrants, and facilitating safe and regular cross-border movements of people while preventing irregular migration. We further commit to implement border management policies that respect national sovereignty, the rule of law, obligations under international law, human rights of all migrants, regardless of their migration status, and are non-discriminatory, gender-responsive and child-sensitive.

To realize this commitment, we will draw from the following actions:

(a) Enhance international, regional and cross-regional border management cooperation, taking into consideration the particular situation of countries of transit, on proper identification, timely and efficient referral, assistance and appropriate protection of migrants in situations of vulnerability at or near international borders, in compliance with international human rights law, by adopting whole-of-government approaches, implementing joint crossborder trainings, and fostering capacity-building measures;

(b) Establish appropriate structures and mechanisms for effective integrated border management by ensuring comprehensive and efficient border crossing procedures, including through pre-screening of arriving persons, pre-reporting by carriers of passengers, and use of information and communication technology, while upholding the principle of non-discrimination, respecting the right to privacy and protecting personal data;

(c) Review and revise relevant national procedures for border screening, individual assessment and interview processes to ensure due process at international borders and that all migrants are treated in accordance with international human rights law, including through cooperation with National Human Rights Institutions and other relevant stakeholders;

(d) Develop technical cooperation agreements that enable States to request and offer assets, equipment and other technical assistance to strengthen border management, particularly in the area of search and rescue as well as other emergency situations;

(e) Ensure that child protection authorities are promptly informed and assigned to participate in procedures for the determination of the best interests of the child once an unaccompanied or separated child crosses an international border, in accordance with international law, including by training border officials in the rights of the child and child sensitive procedures, such as those that prevent family separation and reunite families when family separation occurs;

(f) Review and revise relevant laws and regulations to determine whether sanctions are appropriate to address irregular entry or stay and, if so, to ensure that they are proportionate, equitable, non-discriminatory, and fully consistent with due process and other obligations under international law;

(g) Improve cross-border collaboration among neighbouring and other States relating to the treatment given to persons crossing or seeking to cross international borders, including by taking into consideration relevant recommendations from the OHCHR Recommended Principles and Guidelines on Human Rights at International Borders when identifying best practices."

(GCM, 2018: para. 27)

Movements of people require enhanced human rights-based immigration and border management policies and procedures. States are faced with the challenge of maintaining open, but secure borders, which can be achieved through full coordination and cooperation of the relevant stakeholders. A lot of initiatives exist in supporting countries in border management. Nonetheless, areas pertaining to identification, referral, assistance and protection (cf. Actions a and b), compliance with international human rights law including due process (c and f), search and rescue (d), guidance on human rights-compliant border governance measures (g) and training of border officials in areas such as child-sensitivity and gender-responsiveness (e), to mention a few, still require capacity development. Strengthening the capacity of border management bodies to prevent irregular entry while respecting the international human rights law remains a global challenge.

The Global Compact for Migration (GCM) report is available in AR, ZH, EN, FR, RU, ES.

Resources

The OHCHR’s recommended principles and guidelines provides normative guidance on how to translate the international human rights framework into concrete measures that uphold the rights of migrants at international borders.
The paper sets out initial findings and scenarios regarding the future of cross-border human mobility, including measures that will be needed to ensure that no person, or country, is left behind.
Date of publication:
21 July 2020
Information Type:

Videos

What is the relationship between migration and security, and how does this impact sustainable development?
This video gives insight into some of the best and most easily accessible migration (and remittance) data and databases.

Projects

The EUROFRONT project will improve security, protect human rights and promote social and economic development at both the national and regional levels in Latin America through increased efficiency in the management of four border crossings and by supporting the fight against human trafficking and
Through delimitation and demarcation, cross-border cooperation and strengthening the African Union (AU) and the regional economic communities (RECs), the project aims at improving peace, security, integration and development in Africa.

Events

Securing Land Borders, Improving Biometric Technology, and Optimising the Airport Security Experience.
9 February 2021, 4:00 PM to 11 February 2021, 3:59 PM
It will bring together leading government officials from across central Asia, South-East Asia, Australia and the Middle East to discuss the border security challenges faced in the region and in their respective nations.
Singapore
22 to 24 February 2021

About the Migration Network Hub

What is the Migration Network Hub?

The Hub is a virtual “meeting space” where governments, stakeholders and experts can access and share migration-related information and services. It provides curated content, analysis and information on a variety of topics.

The Hub aims to support UN Member States in the implementation, follow-up and review of the Global Compact for Migration by serving as a repository of existing evidence, practices and initiatives, and facilitating access to knowledge sharing via online discussions, an expert database and demand-driven, tailor-made solutions (launching in 2021).

What content is displayed in the Hub?

The Hub aims to help you find information on migration, ranging from policy briefs and journal articles, existing portals and platforms and what they offer, to infographics and videos. The different types of resources submitted by users undergo peer review by a panel of experts from within the UN and beyond, before being approved for inclusion in the Hub. To provide guidance to users based on findings of the needs assessment, the content is ordered so that more comprehensive and global resources are shown before more specific and regional ones. Know a great resource? Please submit using the links above and your suggestion will be reviewed. Please see the draft criteria for existing practices here.

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Content submitted to the Migration Network Hub is first peer reviewed by experts in the field from both the UN and beyond. Applications are welcomed to join the roster on an ongoing basis. Learn more here.

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