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Objective 12 in the Global Compact for Migration

Strengthen certainty and predictability in migration procedures for appropriate screening, assessment and referral

The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) is based on 23 objectives. This page provides resources for objective 12 (Strengthen certainty and predictability in migration procedures for appropriate screening, assessment and referral):

“28. We commit to increase legal certainty and predictability of migration procedures by developing and strengthening effective and human rights-based mechanisms for the adequate and timely screening and individual assessment of all migrants for the purpose of identifying and facilitating access to the appropriate referral procedures, in accordance with international law.

 

To realize this commitment, we will draw from the following actions:

(a) Increase transparency and accessibility of migration procedures by communicating the requirements for entry, admission, stay, work, study or other activities, and introducing technology to simplify application procedures, in order to avoid unnecessary delays and expenses for States and migrants

(b) Develop and conduct intra- and cross-regional specialized human rights and trauma-informed trainings for first responders and government officials, including law enforcement authorities, border officials, consular representatives and judicial bodies, to facilitate and standardize identification and referral of, as well as appropriate assistance and counselling in a culturally-sensitive way, to victims of trafficking in persons, migrants in situations of vulnerability, including children, in particular those unaccompanied or separated, and persons affected by any form of exploitation and abuse related to smuggling of migrants under aggravating circumstances

(c) Establish gender-responsive and child-sensitive referral mechanisms, including improved screening measures and individual assessments at borders and places of first arrival, by applying standardized operating procedures developed in coordination with local authorities, National Human Rights Institutions, international organizations and civil society

(d) Ensure that migrant children are promptly identified at places of first arrival in countries of transit and destination, and, if unaccompanied or separated, are swiftly referred to child protection authorities and other relevant services as well as appointed a competent and impartial legal guardian, that family unity is protected, and that anyone legitimately claiming to be a child is treated as such unless otherwise determined through a multi-disciplinary, independent and child-sensitive age assessment

(e) Ensure that, in the context of mixed movements, relevant information on rights and obligations under national laws and procedures, including on entry and stay requirements, available forms of protection, as well as options for return and reintegration, is appropriately, timely and effectively communicated, and accessible." (GCM, 2018: para. 28)

Objective 12 aims to bring in certainty and predictability in migration procedures, by conceiving human rights based mechanisms for the screening of migrants, upon arrival in countries of transit and destination, allowing for timely identification and access to appropriate referral mechanisms  enabling migrants to receive treatment consistent with international human rights standards. 

To achieve this, it is essential that migrants have access to accurate and timely  information and are aware of migration procedures and of their rights, which would reduce their vulnerabilities and empower them and provide agency during migration proceedings. Concurrently, accessible and transparent migration procedures, which are sensitive to the needs of vulnerable migrant groups, must be established by countries, to ensure identification of the  protection needs of vulnerable groups.

As many countries have entry systems and border management procedures that could be improved upon, governments need to work on introducing comprehensive regulations, sensitive to the vulnerabilities of migrant population, provide training and capacity building for border officials, and elaborate operational guidelines to define the roles and responsibilities of (first contact) officials. The latter would include guidance on how to respond to persons with protection and other specific needs, such as victims of trafficking in persons and persons affected by any form of exploitation and abuse related to smuggling of migrants under aggravating circumstances, including how to screen, identify, and refer them to appropriate processes and procedures. Such initiatives must incorporate sensitivity towards the vulnerability of migrant groups and specifically encourage the adoption of child- sensitive, gender-responsive and disabled people-friendly procedures.

The Global Compact for Migration (GCM) report is available in AR, ZH, EN, FR, RU, ES.

 

Discussion Spaces

Discussion Spaces
The Migration Network Hub provides online discussion spaces in order to enable interaction, knowledge-sharing and learning on topics related to the implementation of the Global Compact for Migration among Member States and other stakeholders.
This discussion space is being organized as part of the preparations for the first roundtable (“Roundtable 1”) of the International Migration Review Forum (IMRF) which will take place in May 2022. The discussion is moderated by ILO, UNDP and the UN Network on Migration Secretariat and runs until 31

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Resources

The practical guidelines contained in this publication provide guidance on how to develop and implement referral mechanisms for the protection and assistance of migrants vulnerable to violence, exploitation and abuse.
Date of publication:
31 December 2019
The 10-Point Plan in Action provides examples of how different stakeholders have made use of the 10-Point Plan of Action as a strategic tool to inform the development of immigration and asylum systems and to improve their operational responses.

Videos

Since the arrival of COVID-19, MiTA — IOM’s new Migration Translation App—has been given a rapid upgrade to take account of the added challenges facing migrants in the Western Balkans.
Part 2 of the webinar on Round table 1 of the IMRF held as part of the Dialogue Series in the build up to the Forum on 19 January 2022.

Projects

The Better Migration Management (BMM) Programme aims to enable national authorities and institutions to facilitate safe, orderly and regular migration, and effectively address and reduce trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants within and from the Horn of Africa region by applying a
The OSCE is committed to addressing the migration phenomenon cross-dimensionally and by capitalizing on the added value it can bring to regional and global solutions.

Events

The 1st multidimensional three-stages consultations on implementation of GCM in Azerbaijan dedicated to the International Migration Review Forum (IMRF) has been launched on March 30, 2022 with collaborative event co-organized by IOM Azerbaijan and State Migration Service.

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About the Migration Network Hub

What is the Migration Network Hub?

The Hub is a virtual “meeting space” where governments, stakeholders and experts can access and share migration-related information and services. It provides curated content, analysis and information on a variety of topics.

The Hub aims to support UN Member States in the implementation, follow-up and review of the Global Compact for Migration by serving as a repository of existing evidence, practices and initiatives, and facilitating access to knowledge sharing via online discussions, an expert database and demand-driven, tailor-made solutions (launching in 2021).

What content is displayed in the Hub?

The Hub aims to help you find information on migration, ranging from policy briefs and journal articles, existing portals and platforms and what they offer, to infographics and videos. The different types of resources submitted by users undergo peer review by a panel of experts from within the UN and beyond, before being approved for inclusion in the Hub. To provide guidance to users based on findings of the needs assessment, the content is ordered so that more comprehensive and global resources are shown before more specific and regional ones. Know a great resource? Please submit using the links above and your suggestion will be reviewed. Please see the draft criteria for existing practices here.

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