Type of practice:
The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic has approved the Concept of Migration Policy 2021-2030 under Resolution No. 191 on 4 May 2021. The aim of the Concept is to regularise migration processes through the implementation of state programs aimed at mitigating the adverse effects of migration and creating conditions for good migration governance that would benefit migrants and socio-economic development of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The prerequisite for this achievement was the Decree of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic Sadyr Zhaparov "On measures to improve migration situation" dated 29 January 2021, which provides comprehensive support to migrant workers and protection of migrant families. The need to regulate migration processes and create conditions for safe, orderly and regular migration is also noted by the National Development Program of the Kyrgyz Republic until 2026, which was developed within the framework of the National Development Strategy 2040 based on the long-term strategic goals of the country development, Agenda 2030 and the fundamental commitment to "leave no one behind" of SDGs.
The Action Plan 2022-2025 for the implementation of the Concept was adopted on 13 April 2022. All documents were developed using the whole-of-government and whole-of-society approaches. Consultations with the civil society and UN Network on Migration were conducted.
Main beneficiaries of the Concept and its Action Plan are migrants, especially women, youth and children and migrants’ families, as well as Kyrgyz diasporas.
Benefit and Impact
Although the implementation of the Action Plan of the Concept has just started, it is expected that within four years, it will mainstream migration across all sectors – socio-economic development, local development, environment and green economy, diaspora engagement, gender mainstreaming, education, health, social protection, resilience, peacebuilding, etc.
Given that the Concept comprehensively supports migrants as well as their families, the successful implementation of the Concept will benefit more than one million Kyrgyz migrant workers and its positive spillover effects will also benefit the migrants’ families.
Needs of especially fragile persons and groups like victims of trafficking, children of migrants, vulnerable migrants, women migrants and persons with disabilities etc. were integrated in the Concept of Migration Policy in terms of their protection and reintegration.
The Kyrgyz Republic increasingly engage diasporas in the development of good migration policy. In 2021 IOM carried out mapping of diaspora and the Council of Diaspora, Compatriots and Migration under Speaker of the Parliament of the Kyrgyz Republic actively contributed to the development of the Concept. Diasporas are included in National Development Programme 2026.
The Concept provides for an establishment of the unified national system of the Kyrgyz Republic for collecting statistical data on migration (comprehensive and disaggregated) at the local government and national level. This will allow to incorporate the migration component in data collection and methodology elaboration, while at the same time mainstreaming gender, and thus will make migration mainstreaming a structural setting even beyond the Concept timeline.
The second challenge was a lack of migration data and statistics. The Kyrgyz Republic has to develop a unified national system of collecting disaggregated statistical data on migration on the local and national levels. The existing system of registration of population movement does not reflect the reality of external and internal migration. IOM, especially through the UN Network on Migration and guided by the UN Resident Coordinator Office, is actively engaging with the National Statistics Committee to overcome this challenge.