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Seleccione un objetivo del Pacto Mundial para la Migración para ver el contenido conexo

1 - Datos

2 - Minimizar factores adversos

3 - Proporcionar información

4 - Identidad jurídica y documentación

5 - Vías de migración regular

6 - Contratación y trabajo decente

7 - Reducir vulnerabilidades

8 - Salvar vidas

9 - Combatir el tráfico de migrantes

10 - Erradicar la trata de personas

11 - Gestión de fronteras

12 - Verificación de antecedentes y derivación

13 - Alternativas a la detención

14 - Protección consular

15 - Acceso a los servicios básicos

16 - Inclusión y cohesión social

17 - Eliminar la discriminación

18 - Desarrollo y reconocimiento de competencias

19 - Contribución de migrantes y diásporas

20 - Remesas

21 - Retorno y reintegración dignos

22 - Protección social

23 - Cooperación internacional

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Derechos humanos

Tema transversal del Pacto Mundial para la Migración

El Pacto Mundial para la Migración Segura, Ordenada y Regular se basa en un conjunto de principios rectores que son transversales e interdependientes. Esta página contiene materiales relativos al principio rector Derechos humanos:

“Derechos humanos. El Pacto Mundial se basa en el derecho internacional de los derechos humanos y defiende los principios de no regresión y no discriminación. La aplicación del Pacto Mundial asegurará el respeto, la protección y el cumplimiento efectivos de los derechos humanos de todos los migrantes, independientemente de su estatus migratorio, durante todas las etapas del ciclo de la migración. También reafirmamos el compromiso de eliminar todas las formas de discriminación contra los migrantes y sus familias, como el racismo, la xenofobia y la intolerancia." (GCM, 2018: para. 15)

El Pacto Mundial para la Migración proporciona una hoja de ruta completa para garantizar el respeto, la protección y el cumplimiento efectivos de los derechos humanos de los migrantes. Adoptar un enfoque basado en los derechos humanos es importante para asegurar la consecución de todos los objetivos del Pacto Mundial para la Migración. 

 

Derechos humanos a través del Pacto Mundial

El principio rector Derechos humanos también se menciona en las siguientes secciones del Pacto Mundial para la Migración:

  • Preamble, para. 2, 4
  • Shared Responsibility, para. 11, 12
  • Unity of Purpose, para. 15(j)
  • Objective 1, para. (17): Collect and utilize accurate and disaggregated data as a basis for evidence-based policies
  • Objective 2, para. 18(b)(c)(h): Minimize the adverse drivers and structural factors that compel people to leave their country of origin
  • Objective 3, para. 19(c): Provide accurate and timely information at all stages of migration
  • Objective 4, para. 20 (f): Ensure that all migrants have proof of legal identity and adequate documentation
  • Objective 5, para. 21(a): Enhance availability and flexibility of pathways for regular migration
  • Objective 6, para. 22(f)(g)(h)(l): Facilitate fair and ethical recruitment and safeguard conditions that ensure decent work
  • Objective 7, para. 23 (a)(b)(l): Address and reduce vulnerabilities in migration
  • Objective 9, para. 25 (c): Strengthen the transnational response to smuggling of migrants
  • Objective 11, para. 27 (a)(c)(g): Manage borders in an integrated, secure and coordinated manner
  • Objective 12, para. 28 (b)(c): Strengthen certainty and predictability in migration procedures for appropriate screening, assessment and referral
  • Objective 13, para. 29 (a)(b)(c)(f)(g): Use migration detention only as a measure of last resort and work towards alternatives
  • Objective 14, para. 30 (d): Enhance consular protection, assistance and cooperation throughout the migration cycle
  • Objective 15, para. 31 (b)(d): Provide access to basic services for migrants
  • Objective 17, para. 33 (b)(d): Eliminate all forms of discrimination and promote evidence-based public discourse to shape perceptions of migration
  • Objective 21, para. 37 (a)(e)(f): Cooperate in facilitating safe and dignified return and readmission, as well as sustainable reintegration
  • Section on Implementation, para. 44

El informe del Pacto Mundial para la Migración puede consultarse en AR, ZH, EN, FR, RU, ES.

Documentos

These Principles and Guidelines provide concrete and operational guidance to assist States to design, implement and monitor migration governance measures that respect and protect the human rights of migrants in vulnerable situations.
Los principios y directrices recomendados por el ACNUDH proporcionan orientación normativa sobre cómo traducir el marco internacional de derechos humanos en medidas concretas que defiendan los derechos de los migrantes en las fronteras internacionales.

Eventos

This hybrid event is the first in a series of migration policy roundtables and provides an opportunity to reflect on progress related to the implementation of the Global Compact on Migration (GCM).
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Caritas Europa is organising this webinar to create a space for dialogue on the EU’s response to people fleeing the conflict in Ukraine and to reflect on inconsistent practices, and policy options for improving the reception of all refugees. More info here.

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Proyectos

PROMIS is a joint initiative between the West Africa Regional Office of UN Human Rights and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). It aims to strengthen the fight against migrant smuggling in Western Africa, from a human rights-based approach.
This Thematic Working Group aims to help policymakers and other stakeholders better gauge migrant rights by generating globally comparable measures of integration.

Formación y orientación

This Handbook, initiated by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and further developed with the contributions of the Global Migration Group (GMG), is the result of a collaborative and fruitful cooperation between the 16 GMG agencies.
Date of publication:
12 October 2015
Around the world, a record number of women are now migrating to seek work and better lives.
Date of publication:
31 December 2013
Source:

Videos

On the occasion of International Migrants’ Day, as part of a global call to Stand Up for Human Rights, the UN Human Rights Office launched a series of animated videos to amplify the voices of migrants, the communities that welcome them and the conversations they have along the way.
Recording of the consultation which took place on 9 March 2022.

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