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Seleccione un objetivo del Pacto Mundial para la Migración para ver el contenido conexo

1 - Datos

2 - Minimizar factores adversos

3 - Proporcionar información

4 - Identidad jurídica y documentación

5 - Vías de migración regular

6 - Contratación y trabajo decente

7 - Reducir vulnerabilidades

8 - Salvar vidas

9 - Combatir el tráfico de migrantes

10 - Erradicar la trata de personas

11 - Gestión de fronteras

12 - Verificación de antecedentes y derivación

13 - Alternativas a la detención

14 - Protección consular

15 - Acceso a los servicios básicos

16 - Inclusión y cohesión social

17 - Eliminar la discriminación

18 - Desarrollo y reconocimiento de competencias

19 - Contribución de migrantes y diásporas

20 - Remesas

21 - Retorno y reintegración dignos

22 - Protección social

23 - Cooperación internacional

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Objective 8 in the Global Compact for Migration  

Save lives and establish coordinated international efforts on missing migrants

The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) is based on 23 objectives. This page provides resources for objective 8 (Save lives and establish coordinated international efforts on missing migrants):

“We commit to cooperate internationally to save lives and prevent migrant deaths and injuries through individual or joint search and rescue operations, standardized collection and exchange of relevant information, assuming collective responsibility to preserve the lives of all migrants, in accordance with international law. We further commit to identify those who have died or gone missing, and to facilitate communication with affected families.  

To realize this commitment, we will draw from the following actions:   

a) Develop procedures and agreements on search and rescue of migrants, with the primary objective to protect migrants’ right to life that uphold the prohibition of collective expulsion, guarantee due process and individual assessments, enhance reception and assistance capacities, and ensure that the provision of assistance of an exclusively humanitarian nature for migrants is not considered unlawful

b) Review the impacts of migration-related policies and laws to ensure that these do not raise or create the risk of migrants going missing, including by identifying dangerous transit routes used by migrants, by working with other States as well as relevant stakeholders and international organizations to identify contextual risks and establishing mechanisms for preventing and responding to such situations, with particular attention to migrant children, especially those unaccompanied or separated  

c)  Enable migrants to communicate with their families without delay to inform them that they are  alive  by  facilitating  access  to  means  of  communication  along  routes  and  at  their destination, including in places of detention, as well as access to consular missions, local authorities and organizations that can provide assistance with family contacts, especially in cases of unaccompanied or separated migrant children, as well as adolescents  

d)  Establish transnational coordination channels, including through consular cooperation, and designate contact points for families looking for missing migrants, through which families can be kept informed on the status of the search and obtain other relevant information, while respecting the right to privacy and protecting personal data  

e)  Collect, centralize and systematize data regarding corpses and ensure traceability after burial, in accordance with internationally accepted forensic standards, and establish coordination channels at transnational level to facilitate identification and the provision of information to families  

f)   Make all efforts, including through international cooperation, to recover, identify and repatriate the remains of deceased migrants to their countries of origin, respecting the wishes  of  grieving  families, and, in the case of  unidentified  individuals,  facilitate  the identification and subsequent recovery of the mortal remains, ensuring that the remains of deceased migrants are treated in a dignified, respectful and proper manner”

(GCM, 2018: para. 24)

Thousands of migrants die or go missing worldwide each year, including on irregular migratory routes. More than 75,000 deaths have been documented during migration since 1996 (IOM, 2014; 2020), though this number is likely a vast undercount of the true number of lives lost. The overwhelming majority of these occurred on irregular migration routes, where the natural hazards of remote terrains as well as human-caused risks such as hazardous means of transport and violence have led to many deaths.  

Closely related to this crisis of migrant mortality is the difficulty faced by families searching for loved ones lost during migration. While missing migrants may be dead or alive, tracing and identifying migrants reported missing is incredibly challenging in such a transnational context. Families may not know the route their loved ones took, and often do not know whom to contact for help, leaving them susceptible to fraud and blackmail.  They may not reach out to official tracing agencies for fear of legal consequences, especially when they or their families are living in irregular circumstances, and if they do file missing persons reports, they are frequently ignored or threatened by authorities. When migrants die, their remains are often not identified because of inadequate resources for coroner offices and DNA identification, lack of desire and interest by governments. Another key challenge to identification is the inability to find any ante-mortem materials on which to base an identification: unless the deceased person carried identification papers, identification depends on information and DNA reference samples from families and friends, which coroners typically do not have. If migrants are alive, they may be unable to reach their families as they lack a phone or the internet.  They may also be detained by criminal elements or even governments, without the ability to seek help.

The Global Compact for Migration (GCM) report is available in AR, ZH, EN, FR, RU, ES.

Materiales

This report of the Special Rapporteur of the Human Rights Council on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions focuses on the mass casualties of refugees and migrants in the course of their flight.
Date of publication:
15 August 2017
Information Type:
This report series highlights key trends in the data available on deaths during migration, and also urgent thematic issues linked to these. These include reports focusing on identification and tracing of missing migrants, data on migrant deaths, and missing migrant children.
Date of publication:
31 December 2019
Information Type:

Videos

Video message by António Guterres, United Nations Secretary-General, on International Migrants Day (18 December 2019).
You've heard about the Global Compact for Migration? What's it about?

Proyectos

The Last Rights Project is creating a new framework of respect for the rights of missing and dead refugees and migrants and bereaved family members.
The Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team (EAAF)’s Proyecto Frontera is aimed at creating a transnational regional system for the exchange of forensic information on missing migrants and unidentified remains along the Central America-Mexico-US migration corridor. Website in Spanish only.

Eventos

IOM’s Missing Migrants Project at the Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC) is pleased to invite you to an online webinar to mark the launch of the publication: “Families of Missing Migrants: Their Search for Answers and the Impacts of Loss – Lessons across four countries” With the support
29 September 2021, 1:00 to 3:00 PM
The live webinar will tackle different topics, in relation to migration; the concept of borders, sea rescue and saving lives, discrimination, xenophobia and counternarratives, with a particular focus on COVID-19, while taking into consideration the Global Compact for Migration and the New EU Pact on
19 May 2021, 5:00 to 8:40 PM

About the Migration Network Hub

What is the Migration Network Hub?

The Hub is a virtual “meeting space” where governments, stakeholders and experts can access and share migration-related information and services. It provides curated content, analysis and information on a variety of topics.

The Hub aims to support UN Member States in the implementation, follow-up and review of the Global Compact for Migration by serving as a repository of existing evidence, practices and initiatives, and facilitating access to knowledge sharing via online discussions, an expert database and demand-driven, tailor-made solutions (launching in 2021).

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The Hub aims to help you find information on migration, ranging from policy briefs and journal articles, existing portals and platforms and what they offer, to infographics and videos. The different types of resources submitted by users undergo peer review by a panel of experts from within the UN and beyond, before being approved for inclusion in the Hub. To provide guidance to users based on findings of the needs assessment, the content is ordered so that more comprehensive and global resources are shown before more specific and regional ones. Know a great resource? Please submit using the links above and your suggestion will be reviewed. Please see the draft criteria for existing practices here.

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