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Morally evaluating human smuggling: the case of migration to Europe

Morally evaluating human smuggling: the case of migration to Europe

Much of the recent debate on immigration to Europe has focused on how many refugees should be allowed to enter and how refugees should be distributed among EU member states, but there has been less academic focus on under what conditions, if any, human smuggling is morally permissible. How should we morally assess those who make a business out of helping migrants reach their desired destination and those who pay smugglers to reach their destination? We argue that human smuggling is morally permissible under some conditions even if it is illegal. Human trafficking, by contrast, is immoral and should be illegal. The moral conditions for permissible human smuggling are sometimes being met on the route from Africa to Europe (but are all too often grossly violated). We consider and rebut objections based on the arguments that a legal prohibition on human smuggling must translate into a moral one, and that human smuggling violates the rights of individuals to freedom of association in receiving countries. We conclude with policy implications.

Fecha de publicación
Tipo de material
Destinatarios
Academia
Autor
Eamon Aloyo
Eugenio Cusumano
Idioma
Ámbito geográfico
Regional
Grupo de trabajo
No
Proceso de revisión regional
No
Objetivos del Pacto Mundial para la Migración
Tema transversal
Palabras clave
Migrant rights
Migration policy and other public policies
Smuggling of migrants
Trafficking in persons
Status
Published

*Todas las referencias a Kosovo deben entenderse en el contexto de la Resolución 1244 [1999] del Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas.