Skip to main content

Repositorio de Prácticas

Labor mobility pathways for persons with humanitarian needs in Mexico

Primary GCM Objectives

Secondary GCM Objectives


Principios Rectores del Pacto Mundial para la Migración*

*All practices are to uphold the ten guiding principles of the GCM. This practice particularly exemplifies these listed principles.

Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS)


2022 - Presente

Tipo de práctica


Geographic Scope




The lack of options for migratory regularization in Mexico is a pressing issue that leaves few alternatives for people who arrive in the country as part of mixed flows aside from seeking asylum through the Government’s asylum-seeking procedures. As a direct consequence, the asylum system managed by the Mexican Refugee Commission (COMAR) is over-burdened and saturated, putting at risk the asylum process for those people in need of international protection. This is problematic for vulnerable populations, such as people of Haitian origin, as they face limited options to access a regular immigration status in Mexico. Challenges such as limited absorption capacity of the first-reception communities, organized crime, and the lack of access to public services and employment opportunities, increase the vulnerability of people of Haitian origin.

Within the framework of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration, complementing the Global Compact on Refugees, IOM and UNHCR are piloting an innovative joint project to facilitate the socio-economic inclusion of vulnerable Haitians. The pilot project seeks to pave the way toward migration regularization for those who do not seek asylum but want to stay in Mexico. In this first phase (January-July 2022), 50 households, with family members of working age who have been identified in Tapachula and Ciudad Acuña, will be supported in their regularization processes in collaboration with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the National Migration Institute. 

The project encompasses actions facilitating the issuance of TVRH (visitor’s card on the ground of humanitarian assistance) and CURP (individual national registry number) to the selected individuals and their families; providing language and labor rights training; and supporting their access to formal employment, education, and health services, so that vulnerable Haitians can rebuild a dignified and productive life in Mexico, contributing to the local economy and the communities that host them.


Principales organizaciones implementadoras

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

Des informations détaillées

IOM Mexico; UNHCR Mexico

Organizaciones asociadas/donantes

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees - UNHCR

Beneficio e impacto

The project’s main goal is to broaden the migratory regularization options in Mexico to contribute to safe, orderly, and regular migration by implementing alternative regularization pathways for vulnerable populations in contexts of mobility, focusing on vulnerable Haitians. By promoting regularization alternatives for Haitians, as well as socio-economic integration in Mexico, the project has been directly contributing to solving pressing issues on the national migratory agenda such as migrants’ lack of access to job opportunities in the formal labor market, housing, education, and public services. In other words, it has been a catalyst for the socio-economic integration of Haitians in conditions of vulnerability.

Due to the pilot’s success, ongoing negotiations are taking place with the European Union to finance a second phase of the project, expanding the beneficiaries’ profile, as well as the number of states where the project is implemented. This project is expected to have an impact at the policy level by adopting alternative migration regularization pathways.

Lecciones clave

The project is still being implemented. Therefore, lessons learned are not available by now.

Recomendaciones(para replicar)

The project is still being implemented. Therefore, recommendations are not available now.


This is an innovative practice as the project's approach is new and unexplored. If the pilot proves to be successful, it will have a second phase to be implemented from 2022 to 2024, aiming to achieve changes at the legislative and policy level in Mexico. This would set a crucial milestone to promote alternative pathways for migration regularization in the country, while it will promote large-scale socio-economic integration of migrants and refugees.
The project can be scalable in other countries in Latin America as they share similar challenges in this matter. Lessons learned from this pilot could therefore support project design and implementation in other countries.

Recursos adicionales

Fecha Enviado:

13 April 2022

*Todas las referencias a Kosovo deben entenderse en el contexto de la Resolución 1244 [1999] del Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas.