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IMRF Roundtable 1 Consultation

This discussion space is being organized as part of the preparations for the first roundtable (“Roundtable 1”) of the International Migration Review Forum (IMRF) which will take place in May 2022. The discussion is moderated by ILO, UNDP and the UN Network on Migration Secretariat and runs until 31 January 2022. Roundtable 1 focuses on reviewing the following GCM objectives:

The aim of this discussion space is to gather inputs from a broad range of Member States and stakeholders in the preparations for that roundtable, and in particular the drafting of its background note, which is being prepared by ILO and UNDP on behalf of the UN Network on Migration, in support of the Member State co-chairs of the roundtable (to be announced in 2022). To contribute, please respond to the discussion questions below. Responses are welcomed in English, French or Spanish.

The background paper will address the background, objectives, and guiding questions for the Roundtable. It will be a short paper of 1,000 words and will be available prior to the IMRF. The Roundtable discussions will feed into broader discussions at the IMRF and will adopt a multi-stakeholder approach in line with the whole-of-society guiding principle of the GCM.

It will have at its foundations the fact that, in the Global Compact for Safe Orderly and Regular Migration, States and stakeholders agreed, inter alia, that:

  • Nobody should feel compelled to leave their country of origin due to circumstances and factors beyond their control, including the negative impacts of climate change;
  • People should have access to more options of safe avenues to migrate regularly in accordance with relevant considerations;
  • Migration should take place through transparent and user-friendly procedures, with referral mechanisms for categories of migrants in situations of vulnerability;
  • The rights and dignity of all migrants, including migrant workers, regardless of migration status, should be protected at all stages of migration; they should be able to enjoy decent work and develop their skills to empower them to maximize their contributions to countries of origin and destination alike.

You are invited to respond to the discussion questions below, or pose your own questions to the moderators and other participants. For help posting please contact gcmhub@iom.int and cpierrefeu@iom.int.
 

 

Discussion Questions & Comments

4. What actions by Governments, stakeholders and/or other actors are helping to achieve the GCM objectives under review?

What more can be done to achieve the objectives going forward? These could be at all levels and by all actors.

4. Selon vous, quelles actions menées par les gouvernements et autres acteurs contribuent à atteindre les objectifs indiqués dans la brève introduction?
Que peut-on faire de plus pour atteindre les objectifs à l'avenir ? Cela inclus des actions menées à tout niveau et par tout acteur. 

4. En su opinión, ¿qué acción de los gobiernos y/u otros actores está ayudando a lograr los objetivos indicados en la breve introducción?
¿Qué más se puede hacer para lograr los objetivos en el futuro? Estas acciones pueden venir de todos los niveles y de todos los actores.

Profile picture for user GCMHub@iom.int

Ensanchamiento de las vías legales de acceso a personas con necesidades de protección internacional. Los indicadores hasta la fecha se mantienen por debajo de las expectativas y necesidades proyectadas.

In reply to by Moderator

Moderator 

Governments should implement the recommendations set forth in the UN Special Rapporteur’s report on migrants’ freedom of association, including:

(a) Recognize in domestic laws migrants’ right to freedom of association and encourage them to self-organize, regardless of their migration status;

(b) Establish laws, policies and practices that are supportive of trade union membership for migrants;

(c) Extend labour protection in national laws to migrant workers, including domestic workers, to ensure equal protection under the law. Migrant workers should enjoy treatment no less favourable than that applicable to nationals, including with regard to freedom of association and assembly;

(d) Take positive measures, including affirmative action, to ensure that migrants with specific vulnerabilities a...

In reply to by Moderator

Moderator 

les gouvernements devraient :

1 créer des cadres de concertation et de partage avec la société civile sur la mise en oeuvre du PMM.

2.organiser des actions de promotion du PMM

3.élaborer des politiques nationales qui s'inspirent des objectifs du PMM

les autres acteurs

1.doivent développer des stratégies pour accompagner la mise en oeuvre du PMM,

2.etre plus visible dans la sensibilsation et le suivi - évaluation de l'action publique

In reply to by Moderator

Moderator 

DOMESTICALLY

  • make decision-making processes about migration status faster, clearer, inclusive, and sensitive. Don’t keep people in legal and psychological limbo.
  • make the investment into protection of migrants’ rights and wellbeing an investment into wellbeing of your communities/country and improvement of your workforce.
  • Implement flexible solutions that will enable migrants’ long-term and short-term choices. Some short-term workers will want to stay, others will become circular migrants, others will go back to their countries. Create options and pathways that will be legal, orderly, and inclusive to the changing circumstances of people’s lives. Aim for flexible rights-based national framework with local targeted needs-based solutions.
  • consult migrants and host communities/em...

In reply to by Moderator

Moderator 

It would be good to see more stocktaking documents, beyond the country reviews. What does "good practice" look like under each of the objectives, and which countries are leading the way? Some countries may be interested in progressing but are unsure of what others are attempting / learning in this area.

In reply to by Moderator

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Moderator 

  • Through its various migration-related projects around the world, GIZ is committed to creating secure and dignified life prospects for people in partner countries, e.g. through sustainable economic development, employment promotion, and the mitigation of and adaptation to climate change. In addition, the GIZ approach to migration also aims at expanding opportunities for safe and regular labour migration.
  • Against this backdrop, GIZ contributes extensively towards achieving the GCM objectives under review. Gateways for implementing these goals are, most notably, the BMZ-funded programmes “Migration and Diaspora” (PMD), “Migration for Development” (PME), “Partnership Approaches for Development-Oriented Training and Labor Migration” (PAM), and “Human mobility in the context of climate change”.
  • ...

In reply to by Moderator

  • FAO developed knowledge products to understand better the drivers and patterns of rural migration. Main publications can be consulted here,  https://www.fao.org/publications/highlights-detail/en/c/1365372/
  • FAO worked with governments and stakeholders to address the adverse drivers of migration in rural areas at global, regional and country levels. Examples of FAO's work included agribusiness training for prospective migrants, incubation and support to generate decent employment opportunities and set-up micro-small enterprises, and training on climate smart agriculture in countries such as Kenya, Senegal, Nepal, Uganda, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Zimbabwe. Resources from projects can be consulted here, http...

In reply to by Moderator

In response to ‘what more can be done to achieve the objectives going forward’ as well as the point raised by Lidia to ‘start implementing responses to mobility in context of climate and environmental challenges’, it is key to support Member States and GCM stakeholders in their voluntary monitoring and reporting efforts under the Regional Reviews as well as the development of the Repository of Practices. 

To this end, the GCM baseline mapping project of the UN Network on Migration’s Thematic Priority 4 on Climate Change and Migration aims to establish a preliminary baseline on relevant policy instruments and practices supporting the implementation of GCM commitments related to addressing human mobility challenges in disaster and climate change contexts. This exercise will establish a preliminary baseline that can serve as a basis for future monitoring and repo...

In reply to by Moderator

Much more can be done to educate the public about issues related to human trafficking, human smuggling, and sea slavery. Governments, stakeholders, and the UN itself should do more to engage journalists and work on messaging and education campaigns to engage the public in working together to expose and eradicate these evils.  Journalists can drive the narrative surrounding migration and ensure that it does not slip from the headlines.

More can be done to engage academics worldwide to evaluate the GCM. Thousands of academic articles and dissertation topics can emanate from the GCM if the UNNM would more thoroughly engage with academics.  Academics can also help engage local communities and civil society in the implementation of the GCM.  Academics can help design effective messaging campaigns and other programs to help implement the GCM’s objectives. While th...

In reply to by Moderator

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Much more can be done to educate the public about issues related to human trafficking, human smuggling, and sea slavery. Governments, stakeholders, and the UN itself should do more to engage journalists and work on messaging and education campaigns to engage the public in working together to expose and eradicate these evils.  Journalists can drive the narrative surrounding migration and ensure that it does not slip from the headlines.

More can be done to engage academics worldwide to evaluate the GCM. Thousands of academic articles and dissertation topics can emanate from the GCM if the UNNM would more thoroughly engage with academics.  Academics can also help engage local communities and civil society in the implementation of the GCM.  Academics can help design effective messaging campaigns and other programs to help implement the GCM’s objectives. While th...

In reply to by Moderator

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3. What emerging and priority challenges related to the objectives would you like to see the Roundtable address?

3. Quels sont les enjeux émergents et primordiaux liés aux objectifs que vous aimeriez voir aborder lors de la table ronde ?

3. ¿Qué desafíos emergentes y prioritarios relacionados con los objetivos le gustaría que abordara la Mesa Redonda?

Profile picture for user GCMHub@iom.int

Migraciones climáticas. Prospección de flujos, magnitud y alcance de nuevos movimientos migratorios por motivos climáticos y ambientales y su vinculación con la tendencia alcista de personas migrantes; garantía de protección independientemente del estatus migratorio. Avanzar hacia una interpretación amplia de la Convención de Ginebra de 1951 para incluir la protección hacia las personas desplazadas forzosamente por razones climáticas.

In reply to by Moderator

Moderator 

The roundtable should discuss concrete ways in which States can promote migrants’ right to freedom of association and assembly through dismantling both the legal and the practical barriers.

In reply to by Moderator

Kate Barth Thanks for all your inputs on freedom of association, this is clearly a central issue for empowering migrants to enjoy decent work and safe, orderly and regular labour migration. Would you have any specific recommendations on what ways freedom of association for migrants can be strengthened?

In reply to by Kate Barth

Profile picture for user tacon@ilo.org

 la table ronde devra aussi aborder :

1.la question de la régularisation des travailleurs migrants qui ont passé toute leur vie active dans les pays d'accueil en cotisant dans le système de sécurité sociale( dès fois sous un nom d'emprunt)

2. la question du retour volontaire et la réintégration au niveau des pays d'origine(l'accompagnement financier et social font souvent défaut mettant ainsi la personne dans une situation de précarité)

In reply to by Moderator

Moderator 

Development and protection of migrants’ rights should be a priority implemented with whole-of-government approach. GMC stresses the need to maintain the rule of law, ensure migrants are given access to due process and are not put arbitrarily into detention. Securatization and weaponization of migrants prevent implementation of GMC that aims ‘to generate greater predictability and certainty for States, communities and migrants alike’

 

  • No one is illegal; crossing the border irregularly does not make a person a criminal – detainable, deportable, and dehumanized, denied dignified options and treatment.
     
  • Migration is not a warfare. Migrants are not or weapon. We need to distinguish migrants and their rights/needs/obligations from other networks that capitalize on migration....

In reply to by Moderator

Moderator 

- The increasing securitization and digitalization of migration - where is this heading?

- The disjointed balance seen in many high-income countries between needing migrants but espousing anti-immigrant rhetoric.

- The complex nature of skills and qualifications - how can we move beyond the low vs high skill dichotomy?

- New players in the sending / receiving country scene (e.g. China)

In reply to by Moderator

Profile picture for user hdempster@cgdev.org

Moderator 

  • The roundtable should address potential backlashes in regional/continental/international migration governance due to the ongoing Covid-19 restrictions, for example in the context of the ratification of the AU Free Movement Protocol.
     
  • The negative effects of climate change on migration movements will further intensify in the future. While there are first experiences on how to approach the phenomenon in a holistic way, the roundtable should address this challenge and promote the exchange of lessons learned. The roundtable should also enable an exchange on available data on current and expected climate induced migration as well as on methodological challenges, and address how framework conditions can be improved to increase capacities of migration policies to cope with the impacts of climate change.

In reply to by Moderator

Moderator 

  • Investing in food systems and improving food security and access to healthy diets to address the adverse drivers of rural migration and generate resilient, sustainable and inclusive livelihood opportunities in rural areas, with particular attention to youth and women.
  • Identifying alternative livelihood options in rural areas of origin to cope with the continued COVID-19 pandemic situation and mobility restrictions.
    • Providing agri-business training and incubation services to enhance employability and create opportunities in agri-food systems along value chains.
    • Supporting the development of green jobs and green enterprises, and better integrating rural farmers into value chains, to enhance the viability of rural agricultural livelihoods and reduce the need for migration.
    • Supporti...

In reply to by Moderator

The Roundtable should discuss minimizing adverse drivers in the context of a situation like the humanitarian crisis that has occurred since the US withdrew from Afghanistan. The US announced its withdrawal in the Spring of 2021, giving the UN and the international community months to prepare for what was sure to be a humanitarian crisis and a wave of internal displacement and forced migration as the government increasingly began to fall to the Taliban. The international community did not act preemptively, and now illegal migration from Afghanistan is a growing humanitarian and security concern.  The international community should consider a mechanism to preemptively respond to large forced migrations that affect international peace and security. Goldenziel (2017) discusses the formation of such a mechanism in the context of people fleeing war and violence.  A similar mechani...

In reply to by Moderator

Profile picture for user jgoldenziel@gmail.com

The Roundtable should discuss minimizing adverse drivers in the context of a situation like the humanitarian crisis that has occurred since the US withdrew from Afghanistan. The US announced its withdrawal in the Spring of 2021, giving the UN and the international community months to prepare for what was sure to be a humanitarian crisis and a wave of internal displacement and forced migration as the government increasingly began to fall to the Taliban. The international community did not act preemptively, and now illegal migration from Afghanistan is a growing humanitarian and security concern.  The international community should consider a mechanism to preemptively respond to large forced migrations that affect international peace and security. Goldenziel (2017) discusses the formation of such a mechanism in the context of people fleeing war and violence.  A similar mechani...

In reply to by Moderator

Profile picture for user jgoldenziel@gmail.com

2. What emerging trends, progress and innovations, related to the GCM objectives under review, do you think should be highlighted?

These could include trends or issues to highlight as positive experiences to enhance and expand, such as new and innovative tools, partnerships and means of implementation at any level, including local, national, regional and global. Please share any relevant documents, reports or data here.

2. Quelles sont les tendances émergentes, les progrès et les innovations liés aux objectifs de table ronde qui devraient être mis en évidence ? 
Il peut s'agir de tendances ou d’enjeux à souligner comme opportunités pour améliorer et développer des outils, des partenariats et des moyens de mise en œuvre innovants aux niveaux local, national, régional et global.

2. ¿Qué tendencias emergentes, avances e innovaciones cree Usted que deberían destacarse con respecto a los objetivos que están siendo revisados? 
...

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Moderator 

As discussed in the UN Special Rapporteur’s report on migrants and freedom of association (see UN Doc. A/HRC/44/42, para 35) a number of countries have implemented good practices that support migrants’ ability to associate and assembly freely. These examples include a Spanish law that provides that foreign nationals have the right to organize freely or to join an occupational organization and to exercise the right to strike under the same conditions as Spanish workers; a Turkish Act eliminating the citizenship requirement for trade union founders and provided for the possibility for non-Turkish citizens to become founding union members; Korean jurisprudence that opened up the way for the recognition of a migrant workers’ trade union in the country; and a memorandum of understanding between trade unions in Nepal and Jordan that e...

In reply to by Moderator

Moderator 

Policies and negotiations about migration should be based on facts, not fears. Only 3.6% of world population are migrants. Together with their families and dependent networks (employers, employees, connected professions) migration affects at least a tenth of world population. Migration and migrants are entangled into a rhizome of social processes at different levels. It is difficult to evaluate to what extent local and national ethnic, political, religious, climate, economic or simply personal or family circumstances play decisive role in migration decisions and actions. Only research can give us a strong ground for evidence-based working solutions.

 

  • use academic knowledge, practitioners’ knowledge, and migrants’ knowledge to make decisions based on long-term observations, comparisons, research; f...

In reply to by Moderator

Moderator 

The role that demographics, economic growth, and labor shortages are playing / will play in the future. More migration is certain, it's just down to how it's managed.

In reply to by Moderator

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Moderator 

 

  • Looking at GCM objectives 2 and 5, intra-regional migration, especially on the African continent, is one important trend. As highlighted in the World Migration Report 2021, the ongoing restrictions of movements in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic have contributed significantly to an increase of migration within regions of origin. Especially on the African continent, labour migration is largely intra-regional – 80% of labour migrants move within their region or between regions on the continent. The consolidation of safe and regular South-South migration corridors to neighbouring labour markets in the search for a job and better wages is therefore of increasing relevance to achieve the GCM objective 5. In addition, the largest share of international climate-ind...

In reply to by Moderator

It would be good to link this discussion to the Regional Joint Programme on ‘Addressing Drivers and Facilitating Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration in the Contexts of Disasters and Climate Change in the IGAD Region’, funded under the Migration Multi-Partner Trust Fund. Among others, the Joint Programme aims at identifying policies and practices to reduce disaster displacement risk in the IGAD region and on developing risk profiles and a modelling tool to guide policy decision-making in this field. This work will ultimately support one of the main objectives of the Joint Programme, which is to develop innovative solutions to addressing data gaps in the IGAD region. It is also a useful experience to highlight in terms of partnerships, as the work is aligned with similar projects in the region (e.g. with GIZ) for which teams are coordinating their efforts. 

To use les...

In reply to by Moderator

The U.S. Government’s May 2021 Call to Action to stimulate economic development in Central America in order to address adverse drivers of migration should be studied closely and perhaps discussed at the Roundtable. The Call to Action has generated $1.2 billion in investment by business and social enterprises to sustainably address the root causes of migration by promoting economic opportunity.  Those organizations involved include major multi-national corporations like Microsoft and Mastercard, Guatemala-based Grupo Mariposa, and also CARE international.  While the U.S. has not signed the GCM, it now supports the approach of the GCM.  This program should be closely watched because it exemplifies the type of program the GCM likses to promote: involving public-private partnerships and NGOs to create innovative solutions to address adverse drivers of migration.  Man...

In reply to by Moderator

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1. What are the key priorities that should shape discussions and best highlight the issues covered by this Roundtable?

1. Selon vous, quelles sont les questions clés qui devraient orienter les discussions de la table ronde sur les sujets mentionnés dans la brève description ci-dessus?

1. ¿Cuáles son las prioridades clave que deberían orientar a las discusiones y resaltar mejor los temas cubiertos por esta Mesa Redonda? 

Profile picture for user GCMHub@iom.int

En relación al principio general primero que indica que "nadie debe ser obligado a abandonar su país de origen debido a factores ajenos a su control", el rechazo de la condicionalidad de la ayuda en el marco de la cooperación internacional para el desarrollo, de manera que esta quede desvinculada de todas instrumentalización al servicio de las políticas migratorias y/o de refugio de los países donantes o del Norte Global desarrollado; garantizándose una "eficacia de la ayuda" centrada en la lucha contra las causas de la pobreza y el subdesarrollo; cuestión que a su vez impacta positivamente en la reducción de la migración irregular por motivos económicos, así como en la reducción de las causas profundas de la migración forzada.

Es necesario garantizar que los países receptores de la ayuda estén respetando los derechos humanos a la hora de adoptar sus polític...

In reply to by Moderator

Muchas gracias Miguel Hernández por su contribución.

Para comprender mejor su comentario, ¿está sugiriendo eliminar la condicionalidad de la ayuda internacional para el desarrollo de la puesta en marcha de políticas de migración o refugio, pero mantener la condicionalidad entre esa ayuda y el respeto por los derechos humanos de los migrantes?

In reply to by Miguel Hernández

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Moderator 

This roundtable should discuss the importance of promoting and protecting migrants’ civic freedoms, in particular the freedoms of association and assembly, both as a precondition for the successful realization of GCM objectives and because States are bound to implement the GCM in ways that respect human rights (see GCM, paras 2, 15). It would be difficult, for instance, to achieve Objective 6 without the assistance of labor unions representing migrant workers’ collective interests—a fact that is recognized in the GCM itself (see GCM para. 22(i)). Migrants’ inability to organize and speak in their own interests is a major obstacle to decent work and migrant safety, well-being and regularization. As laid out in in a recent report by the UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants: “the inability of migrants to exerci...

In reply to by Moderator

Moderator 

  • consider migration as part of wider socio-economic processes, hence, the priority would be to increase security and prosperity around the globe to give people a chance not to migrate if they don’t have or don’t want to;
     
  • maintain open dialogue about what stops countries and governments from implementing GCM? Does implementing GCM conflate with other competing agendas (climate/COVID/internal issues)? How does GMC ‘fit’ within national priorities currently on the table?
     
  • regard migration as part of both short-term and long-term priorities of their countries/regions (labour power, demographics, diversity, peace), reflect on how can migration help or hinder these priorities?
     
  • consider how to reframe migration to make it less politically toxic topic?...

In reply to by Moderator

Moderator 

The comment above from Lidia is fantastic.

I would say:

- Exploring how demographics, economic growth, and labor shortages are playing a role in how countries expand their immigration policies. Where are innovations taking place, what are we learning from these, and what does the future hold?

- Moving beyond the economic migrant vs refugee dichotomy, to recognize the multiple drivers as to why someone moves, and the fact that their status could change throughout their journey.

- Identifying where countries / regions have attempted to facilitate migration as a climate change adaptation strategy and what lessons can be learned from this in encouraging others to do the same.

- Understanding what people think about refugees and migrants, and attempting to engage with the public on these is...

In reply to by Moderator

Profile picture for user hdempster@cgdev.org
  • With the guiding principle of leaving no one behind in mind, the overarching aim of this roundtable should be to discuss the potential of regular migration for sustainable development, while reducing adverse drivers that force people to leave their home (including those related to climate change) as well as the risks and dangers of migration.
     
  • The discussion should focus on a triple win approach to migration, which benefits countries of origin, destination countries and migrants alike. Therefore, the roundtable should adopt a partnership-oriented approach, in which the perspectives of various stakeholders are heard, including from the private sector, diaspora, civil society and academia.
     
  • Further key priorities for consideration are the need to come up with regular migra...

In reply to by Moderator

Moderator 

  • The drivers of migration are often interrelated. To make migration a choice it is key to address the adverse drivers of rural migration in a holistic way, including poverty, food insecurity, inequality, lack of decent employment opportunities, limited infrastructure and access to markets and services. Attention should be paid to territorial development, intermediary cities and resilient, sustainable and inclusive food systems
  • Fostering decent work opportunities in the rural economy and in agri-food systems, particularly for rural youth and women, and stimulating diversification is one of the key elements. Large shares of migrants come from rural areas, and many migrate in steps, first to cities and then abroad.
  • Addressing the immediate needs and vulnerabilities of rural residents, including households rel...

In reply to by Moderator

Here are a few further reflections on this question in addition to the remarks made by colleagues:

There are clearly a range of priority issues that will fall under this roundtable discussion, many of which are interrelated and should be addressed holistically. More specifically:

  • Environmental degradation, desertification, drought and disasters linked to the adverse effects of climate change, such as flooding, drought and other extreme weather events or processes, increasingly compel people to move and the risk of being displaced will likely increase in the years to come in the context of the adverse effects of climate change. Particularly Objective 2 (paragraphs 18.h-18.l) and Objective 5 (paragraph 21.g-21.h) include references to these types of movements, making this roundtable a key opportunity to discuss progress on implementing commitments relate...

In reply to by Moderator

Creating evidence-based, data-driven policies and effectively measuring the role of the GCM in promoting safe, orderly, and regular migration will be crucial to achieve the GCM’s objectives. Over the last two decades, social scientists have developed increasingly sophisticated methods for evaluating how treaties – especially human rights and humanitarian treaties – impact actual conditions in member states (e.g., Cope et al. 2020; Lupu 2013, Simmons 2009). These studies have contributed to a related line of research that has questioned if, and under what conditions, international institutions truly matter to policy outcomes. This research has also contributed to a new interest among policymakers, civil society, and scholars about how different international institutional design features succeed or fail in affecting state behavior (e.g., Koremenos 2016). Many of the methods used ...

In reply to by Moderator

Profile picture for user jgoldenziel@gmail.com
  • Regular pathways must be developed hand in hand with regularization of the undocumented, climate change responses, and humanitarian needs. The labor movement is calling for a new approach to migration that centers long-term regular pathways around the human rights of migrants, breaking down the artificial separation between refugee/asylum-seekers on the one hand, and migrants on the other. All people on the move have rights and should have regular pathways, regardless of the incoherent categories created by migration systems. In their efforts to promote regular pathways, states should focus on restoring and e...

In reply to by Moderator

Profile picture for user nmisra@solidaritycenter.org

To enhance voluntary, safe and regular migration, there is need to discourage visa restriction to developing countires and a more friendly global visa process for intending migrants. This measure in no way should under rate the skill development and skill recognition of migrants. The world is a global village so as such migrants who wish to explore opporturnities outside his/her home country should be given the opporturnity and not making obtaining visa a hectic task. 

Profile picture for user nkiod@yahoo.com

pour une migration sûre, ordonnée et régulière, il faut :

1. reconnaitre la migration comme un droit humain universel au regard de l'art13 de la déclaration universelle des droits de l'HOMME

2.rendre accessible les voix légales de migration par une facilitation des procédures d'accès au visas et une réduction des frais

3.Motiver les refus d'octroi de visa pour permettre à la personne de rectifier s'il y a erreur

5.augmenter les accords bilatéraux de main d'oeuvre pour faciliter la mobilité des travailleurs migrants

en ce qui concerne l'accès à un travail décent pour les migrants, il faut :

1. la qualification des travailleurs migrants d'abord dans les pays d'origine ou souvent le système éducatif n'est pas adapté et le formation professionnelle coûte chère

2.l'accès à l'information sur les opportunités d'emploi et à la formation professionnelle continue dans les pays d'accueil

3. la garantie et la protection des droits sociaux(droits fondamentaux du travail) dans les pays de destination(ratification des conventions de l'OIT)

4. des systèmes de protection inclusives dans tous les pays

5. l'implication des partenaires sociaux, syndicats et employeurs lors des négociations des accords de main d'oeuvre ou de sécurité

Paul Tacon 

Comme bonne pratique sur les compétences des migrants par les gouvernements : je salue l'initiative de la Commission économique pour l’Afrique dans le cadre du programme «Statistiques migratoires et reconnaissance des compétences en Afrique» qui concerne 7 pays dont le Mali, le Sénégal, la cote d'ivoire et le Maroc. le 22 sept 2021 à été organisé une rencontre à Dakar avec la présence du Maroc, du Mali et de la Côte d’Ivoire, pour les besoins de la présentation du rapport d’analyse de l’étude portant sur la reconnaissance des compétences des migrants au Sénégal réalisée par la CEA.

Pour les syndicats, comme bonne pratique dans le cadre de l'accès à l'information: je salue l'ouverture des bureaux d'accueil et d'orientation des migrants ouverts au niveau de...

In reply to by Paul Tacon

Fambaye Ndoye Merci de votre réponse et de votre engagement continu ! Merci de nous avoir fourni des exemples concrets, qui s'adressent aussi bien aux Etats qu'aux syndicats parties en tant que prenantes, nous les considérerons dans le cadre de nos reflexions autour de cette table ronde. 

In reply to by Fambaye Ndoye

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Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in discussion are those of the participants and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations Network on Migration and its members. The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout the discussion do not imply expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations or the United Nations Network on Migration concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning its frontiers or boundaries.