Skip to main content

Gaps and Emerging Challenges: The Impact of our Evolving Climate on Migrants

Login to post comment


Discussion Questions & Comments

1. What are the main challenges of implementing GCM Objectives 2 and 5? What has been done so far and/or what actions have you taken to address these challenges?


Last year, the Solidarity Center released a report examining the intersection of climate change, its impacts on livelihoods, and migration in Bangladesh. The results of this research provide examples of the devastating impacts of climate change on low wage workers. More than 80% of Bangladesh’s southwestern coastal region has been affected by high levels of salinity from rising sea levels, substantially impacting livelihoods. In just 2 years, rice production dropped by 100,000 tons, contributing to food shortages and economic vulnerability. Climate devastation is pushing already precarious low wage Bangladeshi workers further into the informal economy or forcing them to migrate. 

The ILO estimates that 2 billion workers worldwide work in the informal economy outside of formal labor protections, including the ability to form or join unions. The majority of workers in t...

In reply to by Mohamed Osman

Profile picture for user
  • At present, agriculture, rural development and climate change policies and programmes rarely consider migration, and seldom acknowledge the positive contribution that migration can make to climate change adaptation.  


FAO has been supporting national and local governments: i) to integrate migration considerations into climate and environmental policies and programmes from a rural livelihoods perspective; and ii) to foster multi-sectoral collaboration and policy coherence in the areas of migration, agriculture and climate change.  

FAO and IOM developed a Toolkit on Integrating Migration into Rural Development Interventions that aims at supporting rural development actors to understand how migration can be reflected in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of development programm...

In reply to by Mohamed Osman

2. What would progress on implementing GCM Objectives 2 and 5 look like and how can the IMRF process assess this progress over time?


1. Working with rural populations to address the adverse drivers of migration in the context of climate change - To support migration as adaptation to climate change, and to ensure that migration is a choice and not a necessity. This entails creating alternatives in rural areas, to enable adaptation in place. Scientific evidence shows that not everyone who is exposed to and impacted by climate change has the desire or means to move.  For example, FAO works closely with climate affected rural communities and promotes the sustainable use and management of natural resources, as well as helps create climate-resilient livelihoods and green employment opportunities in rural areas. FAO’s work in this area is tailored to the specific needs of rural youth and women, recognizing that they often face constraints regarding their involvement in agricultural activities, as well as regarding ...

In reply to by Mohamed Osman

3. What actions should be taken to address and mitigate disasters, climate change and environmental degradation as it relates to migration? Could your government develop preventive measures? regular pathways for example? What specific actions could be tak


The Solidarity Center proposes three recommendations, and key to all is that workers and their communities must have a meaningful say in driving climate solutions:

1.)    Climate adaptation planning and implementation must include the development of sustainable decent work options to promote greater resilience for communities, particularly from future shocks.  We must focus on long-term planning and not just reactive short-term solutions to ensure that climate adaptation and resilience measures make migration a choice and not a necessity.  

2.) As governments take on the mandate of the global compact to enhance better regular migration pathways, these pathways must account for projected climate displacement. As the climate crisis worsens, we cannot wait to develop a plan to integrate climate migrants into our societies and economies. <...

In reply to by Mohamed Osman

Profile picture for user


  • Migration should be fully part of the climate adaptation discourse and climate action, in general. Climate adaptation and mitigation policies and programmes need to consider migration in order to: i) address specific needs of migrants since migration can increase exposure to climate change; ii) reduce the risk of unintentionally cause displacement and/or affect migration patterns and; iii) recognize and harness the potential of migration as climate adaptation strategy.  


  • Policy frameworks that promote regular migration pathways (e.g., seasonal migration) are needed in order to maximise the benefits of migration for climate change adaptation and resilience. There is increasing evidence that well planned and well-managed migration is an important adaptation and risk diversification str...

In reply to by Mohamed Osman

In the past decade, 83% of all disasters were caused by climate- and weather-related events (IFRC’s World Disasters Report 2020). Since the 1990s, climate-related disasters have risen in frequency by almost 35% and impacted over 1.7 billion people around the world, killing more than 410,000 people.

Profile picture for user

About the Migration Network Hub

What is the Migration Network Hub?

The Hub is a virtual “meeting space” where governments, stakeholders and experts can access and share migration-related information and services. It provides curated content, analysis and information on a variety of topics.

The Hub aims to support UN Member States in the implementation, follow-up and review of the Global Compact for Migration by serving as a repository of existing evidence, practices and initiatives, and facilitating access to knowledge sharing via online discussions, an expert database and demand-driven, tailor-made solutions (launching in 2021).

What content is displayed in the Hub?

The Hub aims to help you find information on migration, ranging from policy briefs and journal articles, existing portals and platforms and what they offer, to infographics and videos. The different types of resources submitted by users undergo peer review by a panel of experts from within the UN and beyond, before being approved for inclusion in the Hub. To provide guidance to users based on findings of the needs assessment, the content is ordered so that more comprehensive and global resources are shown before more specific and regional ones. Know a great resource? Please submit using the links above and your suggestion will be reviewed. Please see the draft criteria for existing practices here.

Apply to join the Peer Review Roster

Content submitted to the Migration Network Hub is first peer reviewed by experts in the field from both the UN and beyond. Applications are welcomed to join the roster on an ongoing basis. Learn more here.

Apply Now

Contact us

We welcome your feedback and suggestions, please contact us

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in discussion are those of the participants and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations Network on Migration and its members. The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout the discussion do not imply expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations or the United Nations Network on Migration concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning its frontiers or boundaries.