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Resources

The first UNODC Global Study on Smuggling of Migrants shows that migrant smuggling routes affect every part of the world.
Date of publication:
01 June 2018
Information Type:
The Toolkit to Combat Smuggling of Migrants provides guidance, showcases promising practices, and recommends resources to assist policy makers, law enforcers, judges, prosecutors, and members of civil society in their efforts to prevent migrant smuggling, protect smuggled migrants and their rights,...
Date of publication:
01 July 2010
This second volume builds on the 2016 report, covering the following countries and regions: the Middle East; Central Asia; Russian Federation; Southern Europe; Southern Africa; Mexico; Ecuador; and Canada.
Date of publication:
31 December 2018
Information Type:
The report brings together that important evidence collected by academics, private research companies, authorities and investigative journalists on the transnational crime aspects of migrant smuggling, including on routes, smuggling organization (such as criminal networking and facilitation),...
Date of publication:
31 December 2016
Information Type:
This brief argues for a more structured understanding of the spectrum of the smuggling industry, and the importance of drawing a distinction between smuggling and trafficking.
Date of publication:
01 September 2016
Information Type:
This briefing paper focuses on the evolving role of smugglers in West Africa’s migration economy, as well as migration and smuggling patterns in West Africa and between West and North Africa.
Date of publication:
11 June 2019
Information Type:
Efforts to counter the COVID-19 pandemic have seen unprecedented restrictions on movement being imposed in many countries, both at borders and within countries.
Date of publication:
01 April 2020
Information Type:
There are those who seek to apply the experience of the war on drugs to the emerging war on migrant smugglers to warn that such a confrontation carries high costs, low chances of success and would likely lead to an escalation of violence against the migrants themselves.
Date of publication:
01 February 2019
Information Type:
The purpose of the Smuggling of Migrants Protocol is to “prevent and combat the smuggling of migrants, as well as to promote cooperation among States Parties to that end, while protecting the rights of smuggled migrants” (article 2).
Date of publication:
31 December 2012
The unprecedented crisis that COVID-19 has suddenly unleashed upon the world is affecting all aspects of society and is likely to have an effect on the routes and characteristics of both regular and irregular migration.
Date of publication:
14 May 2020
Information Type:
“Financial or other material benefit” is the purpose of migrant smuggling.
Date of publication:
31 December 2017
Information Type:
This paper is part of the IOM Migration Research Leaders Syndicate’s contribution toward the Global Compact for Migration. This technical paper answers the question "how should migrant smuggling be confronted?".
Date of publication:
31 December 2017
Information Type:
The Assessment Guide provides an inventory of measures for assessing the legislative, investigative, prosecutorial, judicial, and administrative responses to the smuggling of migrants by land, air, and sea, for deterring and combating such crime, and for integrating the information and experience...
Date of publication:
13 December 2020
An introductory guide for policy makers and practitioners on how to implement international legal obligations to criminalize migrant smuggling at the domestic level.
Date of publication:
31 December 2014
Whether forced into relocation by fear of persecution, civil war, or humanitarian crisis, or pulled toward the prospect of better economic opportunities, more people are on the move than ever before.
Date of publication:
01 August 2014
Information Type:
This discussion paper explores the rise of mixed, irregular migration with particular focus on the role of smuggling and trafficking in both facilitating that movement and influencing its impact.
Date of publication:
01 November 2015
Information Type:
This working paper reviews the major theoretical and conceptual approaches to human smuggling.
Date of publication:
01 January 2013
Information Type:
The terms migrant smuggling and human trafficking are often used synonymously in public discussions and the media, but are distinct categories in international law and academic research.
Date of publication:
31 December 2016
Information Type:
This contribution constitutes an attempt to critically rethink the framework present in everyday narratives of irregular migration facilitation.
Date of publication:
08 August 2018
Information Type:
Europe has seen an unprecedented increase in the number of irregular migrants arriving in the European Union since 2014.
Date of publication:
22 February 2016
Source:
Information Type:

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The Hub aims to support UN Member States in the implementation, follow-up and review of the Global Compact for Migration by serving as a repository of existing evidence, practices and initiatives, and facilitating access to knowledge sharing via online discussions, an expert database and demand-driven, tailor-made solutions (launching in 2021).

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