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Migration 4.0 - Digitalization & New Technologies

Discussion Space


The world around us is becoming more and more digital. Migration is no exception. Migrants look for information online, governments explore new technologies to manage migration more efficiently and experts delve into new data sources to understand migration processes and the future of migration. Digitalization provides new opportunities but also raises new questions about data protection, privacy and ethics. Digitalization is transforming the field of migration at a dizzying speed. This discussion forum keeps track of recent developments, events, projects and key resources on the digitalization of migration, new data sources and innovative methods. More importantly, it aims at creating a community of practice, providing a space for exchange.

Initiated by the German Ministry of Interior’s work programme ‘#migration4.0’ as part of the German EU Council Presidency in the second half of 2020, this discussion space is hosted by the Connection Hub of the UN Network on Migration as one of its new communities of practice. The Connection Hub will enable the discussion to be sustained beyond the German EU Council Presidency and ensure that all stakeholders globally can participate.

Now, welcome and enjoy. We look forward to your inputs, questions and comments!

Please note that the views and opinions shared through this platform do not necessarily reflect those of the UN Network on Migration, its Secretariat, or its constituent parts, nor of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany.


Submitted by Moderator - 22 July 2020

Role of digitalization in safe, orderly and regular migration

The fourth industrial revolution -- also known as 4IR or Industry 4.0 -- has implications for international migration as well. How does digitalization help or challenge your work on migration and the implementation of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM)?

Submitted by Welella Negussie - 22 July 2020

Digitalization can support and facilitate the implementation of the GCM greatly. For instance, through the Virtual Counselling project, migrants living in Germany can receive voluntary return and reintegration counselling via online communications tools, from several countries of origin. This digital service for migrants can improve pre-departure counselling and the sustainable reintegration of migrants if they decide to return. This project addresses GCM's Objective 21 "Cooperate in facilitating safe and dignified return and readmission as well as sustainable reintegration".

Submitted by Moderator - 22 July 2020

Migration forecasting models

Policymakers are turning to innovative data sources and forecasting to model migration patterns. Do you think it is better to have forecasting models with limited accuracy or no forecast at all?

Submitted by Rhea Ravenna Sohst - 22 July 2020

I think the question comes down to what the forecast is meant to be used for? A short-term forecast that is supporting operational planning (e.g. the reception of newly arriving migrants in a specific area) needs to be much more precise than a long-term forecast that has more of a strategic focus. 

Submitted by Jasper Tjaden - 22 July 2020

I think you have to start somewhere. If we do not try, forecasts will never improve. In the grand scheme of things, we are still in the beginning of the process. Data needs to improve and then models will improve. In the meantime, it is important that policy-makers understand the limitations and the uncertainty involved. 




Leuphana University of Lüneburg - DFG

Digitalisation of Labour and Migration

Digital technologies are transforming the world of work and have far-reaching consequences for mobility and migration. This project studies the reorganisation of labour through digital platforms, and...

CORDIS EU research results

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University of Southampton


QuantMig aims to transform the methodology of setting and analysing migration scenarios. The project will address the key contemporary challenges of complexity and uncertainty of migration flows, and...


  • Virtual meeting “Migration 4.0“ related to the German EU Presidency 2020