Skip to main content

Repository of Practices

Kenya GCM Implementation Plan (2023-2027)

Primary GCM Objectives

GCM Guiding Principles*

*All practices are to uphold the ten guiding principles of the GCM. This practice particularly exemplifies these listed principles.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)


2023 - 2027

Type of practice

Policy (including law, public measure)

Geographic scope



Sub Regions:


The National Coordination Mechanism on Migration (NCM) in Kenya, a government led intergovernmental platform for migration governance, launched in October 2023 the Kenya Global Compact on Migration (GCM) Implementation Plan (2023-2027). The Plan is the first of its kind that has been developed support of the GCM capacity building mechanism drawing on the Network’s guidance with the generous support of the Building Migration Partnership Programme. The plan embodies the spirit of the GCM, with a 360-degree approach towards migration, having undergone extensive consultations in line with GCM whole-of-government and a whole-of-society approaches. Through thematic discussions, 88 stakeholders were consulted for this Plan including representatives from different Ministries, Department and Agencies, county representatives, faith-based organizations, civil society organizations, academia, private sector, and UN agencies. All of them contributed to the development of the different drafts, including the monitoring and evaluation framework. Kenya’s GCM Plan translates Kenya’s commitments at the International Migration Review Forum (IMRF) (2022) into proposed action by encompasses five thematic areas (TA) to catalyse GCM implementation:

TA 1: Promoting fact- based and data driven migration discourse policy and planning. GCM Interventions include developing a migration data management strategy; enhancing the capacity of state agencies on data-collection, processing & dissemination; and establishing digital migration data management infrastructure.

TA 2: Addressing the drivers of migration and mitigation situations of vulnerability in migration. GCM Interventions include supporting initiatives and programs that address the economic and livelihood drivers of migration; building resilience of communities arising from climate change; and enhancing access to social services and legal identity.

TA 3: Addressing irregular migration including through managing borders and combating transnational crimes. GCM Interventions include strengthening the implementation of the national referral mechanisms to enhance protection of vulnerable migrants; promoting coordinated and integrated border management; and strengthening community- based and cross border initiatives

TA 4: Facilitating regular migration, decent work, and enhancing the positive development effects of human mobility. GCM Interventions include supporting development and implementation of laws and policies on labour migration; increasing diaspora engagement for transfer of skills, lower cost of remittances; and enhancing protection of migrant workers.

TA 5: Improving the social inclusion and integration of migrants. GCM Interventions include operationalizing the Refugee Act 2021 and the Shirika Plan for the implementation of the Kenya Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF); and facilitating safe and dignified voluntary return and readmission of refugees and vulnerable


Main Implementing Organization(s)

Government of Kenya

Detailed Information

National Coordination Mechanism on Migration in Kenya

Partner/Donor Organizations

UN Network on Migration - Kenya

Benefit and Impact

The GCM Implementation Plan and its surrounded processes demonstrate:
■ Provide a roadmap into translating Kenya's GCM commitments into action
■ The GCM Implementation Plan aims to mainstream migration into national development, aligning it with global and regional aspirations, such as the Kenya Vision 2030, the Agenda 2030 and the AU Agenda 2063.
■ The Plan ensures vertical and horizontal coherence, through meaningful involvement, engagement and shared responsibility with all relevant ministries; through engaging counties
■ The Plan ensures a 360-degree vision of migration, through addressing all relevant dimensions of migration and by identifying implementation measures for the GCM objectives
■ The Plan included a Broad-based Multi-stakeholder Consultative Process
- As a result of the commitments made by Kenya at the 2022 International Migration Review Forum
- The elaborate process was initiated by Kenya expressing interest to the United Nations Network on Migration team
- Through broad-based multi-stakeholder consultative process spanning several meetings and workshops with intense consultations to develop a roadmap on how to implement the GCM agenda in Kenya.
■ Each of the priorities has a set of GCM interventions, activities and outcomes that will benefit Kenya, and more important migrants, their families and local communities by enabling a comprehensive approach towards migration.

Key Lessons

- Coordination is key across the consultations and development of the Plan.
- Ensure continuity of stakeholders involved in the process, having focal points assigned to represent their agencies/organizations across the different activities.

Recommendations(if the practice is to be replicated)

- The National Coordination Mechanism on Migration plays a significant role ensuring horizontal and vertical coherence, as well meaningful stakeholders' engagement.
- A detailed workplan should be agreed in the beginning with the leading actors.
- The creation of a country level UNNM is key to ensure the whole of system approach.


Kenya’s 2023-2027 National GCM Implementation Plan translates commitments into action by highlighting key interventions to fast track realizing the GCM in the country. The Plan is innovative as it was the first to be developed using the guidance developed by the UNNM for government and stakeholders in implementing the GCM. Furthermore, county representatives (municipalities), private sector, academia, UN, and representatives from different Ministries, Department and Agencies where involved in the process thus promoting whole of government and whole of society approach. Lastly, the Plan include a robust Monitoring and Evaluation framework thus providing detailed instructions on what it is looking to achieve.


Kenya GCM National Implementation Plan – Amy Pope, Coordinator of the Network's Remarks

Kenya GCM National Implementation Plan – Amy Pope, Coordinator of the Network's Remarks

Date submitted:

20 February 2024

Disclaimer: The content of this practice reflects the views of the implementers and does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations, the United Nations Network on Migration, and its members.



*References to Kosovo shall be understood to be in the context of United Nations Security Council resolution 1244 (1999).