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Promotion of international cooperation and global dialogue through active engagement of Azerbaijan in GFMD Steering Group


2020 - Present

Type of practice:

Partnership/Multistakeholder initiative


The Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) was established, hosting its first Summit meeting in 2007, under the direction of the first GFMD Chair, Belgium. The GFMD has since remained as the largest informal, non-binding, voluntary and government-led process, bringing together expertise from all regions and countries at all stages of economic, social and political development. Since its inception, the GFMD has operated on the basis of a unique participative working method, involving governments and policy makers from a varied background. Policy-makers from a wide range of government agencies participate, including from Ministries and Departments of Immigration, Development, Labor, Foreign Affairs, Gender Equality, Home Affairs, Justice, Interior, Integration and Nationals Abroad. The GFMD Steering Group (SG) is comprised of roughly 30 member countries that are firmly committed to offer sustained political and conceptual support to the Chair-in-Office and ensure continuity of the overall process. This includes carrying out periodic evaluations of the activities of the Forum, both in terms of process and content, as well as assisting the Chair-in-Office in seeking technical and financial support for the GFMD process. The SG convenes in Geneva at the request of the Chair-in-Office to consider and advise on all relevant policy issues, and it may also create thematic Working Groups.

Taking into consideration the significant achievements attained by Azerbaijan both at national and regional levels in the field of migration management, the country has been elected as a member of the Steering Group of GFMD. Member States agree that the GFMD should play an active role not only in the implementation, follow up and review of the 2030 Agenda, but also in the implementation of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (Global Compact, GCM).


Main Implementer:

Government of Azerbaijan

Other Organizations:

State Migration Service of the Republic of Azerbaijan


Members of GFMD

Benefit and Impact

The Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) provides a flexible, multi-stakeholder space where governments can discuss the multi-dimensional aspects, opportunities and challenges related to migration, development, and the link between these two areas.

The GFMD process allows Azerbaijan - in partnership with civil society, the private sector, the UN system, and other relevant stakeholders – to analyze and discuss sensitive issues, create consensus, pose innovative solutions, and share policy and practices. By joining the GFMD Steering Group with its state-led but not state only nature, Azerbaijan has also established formal links with other processes such as the GFMD Civil Society, the GFMD Business Mechanism and the Mayors Mechanism. These institutional links have allowed the inclusion of the voices and expertise of diverse stakeholders, including academia, NGOs, trade unions, the private sector, migrants and diaspora representatives as well as local authorities, in discussions.

Key Lessons

By actively participating in global migration management, Azerbaijan has closely studied international experience and best practices in the field of migration, as well as shared its experiences and best practices with partners. Learning international experience in the field of migration by joining Steering Group has played a major role in shaping Azerbaijan's approach to global migration governance. Azerbaijan is using analysis of global migration trends and international partnership for future development of its migration policy-making. At present, the continuation of international cooperation and the sharing of experiences in the field of migration increase the effectiveness of Azerbaijan's migration management and solidifies its role in global migration management.

Recommendations(if the practice is to be replicated)

Nowadays many countries prefer to restrict migration processes, citing the negative aspects of migration. However, by using opportunities offered by migration, countries can benefit both domestically and internationally. In particular, active participation in global migration management can contribute to developing countries migration strategy by learning international experience and best practices, as well as sharing their experiences.

Therefore, we encourage countries to take an active part in global migration management through the GFMD which is one of the largest international platforms on migration in order to study and share best practices in the field of impact of migration on development.

GCM Guiding Principles*

*All practices are to uphold the ten guiding principles of the GCM. This practice particularly exemplifies these listed principles.


Azerbaijan is confident that the GFMD’s informal character and proven success in dialogue-based trust-building between and among relevant stakeholders in migration and development – states and their local administrations, international organizations, the civil society and the private sector – could be useful in facilitating an informal exchange around issues of common interest and exploring innovative ways of deepening cooperation on migration and development among all concerned actors. We can take one step closer to solving the problems faced by involving more countries. Therefore, it is necessary to expand the scope of GFDM.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Additional Resources

Date submitted:

29 March 2022

Disclaimer: The content of this practice reflects the views of the implementers and does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations, the United Nations Network on Migration, and its members.