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Cross-cutting theme in the Global Compact for Migration

The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) is based on a set of cross-cutting and interdependent guiding principles. This page provides resources for the guiding principle of Gender-responsive:

“(g) Gender-responsive. The Global Compact ensures that the human rights of women, men, girls and boys are respected at all stages of migration, that their specific needs are properly understood and addressed and that they are empowered as agents of change. It mainstreams a gender perspective and promotes gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls, recognizing their independence, agency and leadership in order to move away from addressing migrant women primarily through a lens of victimhood" (GCM, 2018: para. 15)

Gender has an impact on every aspect of migration, from why a person may be motivated to migrate, how these journeys are undertaken to arrival and integration in the country of destination and return. Even upon arrival in the country of reception, gender influences how migrants are able to integrate into their new environment. In positive scenarios, migration can be both the result and source of agency and empowerment. However, women, girls and those with diverse gender identities and/or expressions often face disproportionate risks of facing vulnerable situations and human rights violations. Existing laws and practices, as well as societal attitudes, can perpetuate structural gender inequalities and systematic gender-based discrimination. Migrants’ sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and/or sex characteristics (SOGIESC) may increase the risk of multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination. Implementing a gender-responsive approach requires a gender-specific analysis of how policies and projects affect migrants of all genders, including those who are transgender, non-binary and gender non-conforming, and those who are intersex (see glossary). 


Gender-responsive in the text of the Global Compact

The guiding principle of theme is also mentioned in the following sections of the GCM:

  • Objective 2, para. 18(b): Minimize the adverse drivers and structural factors that compel people to leave their country of origin
  • Objective 3, para. 19(c)(d)(e): Provide accurate and timely information at all stages of migration
  • Objective 4, para. 20(d): Ensure that all migrants have proof of legal identity and adequate documentation
  • Objective 5, para. 21(a)(d): Enhance availability and flexibility of pathways for regular migration
  • Objective 6, para. 22(k): Facilitate fair and ethical recruitment and safeguard conditions that ensure decent work
  • Objective 7, para. 23(a)(b)(c): Address and reduce vulnerabilities in migration
  • Objective 9, para. 25(c): Strengthen the transnational response to smuggling of migrants
  • Objective 11, para. 27: Manage borders in an integrated, secure and coordinated manner
  • Objective 12, para. 28(c): Strengthen certainty and predictability in migration procedures for appropriate screening, assessment and referral
  • Objective 14, para. 30(d): Enhance consular protection, assistance and cooperation throughout the migration cycle
  • Objective 15, para. 31(c): Provide access to basic services for migrants
  • Objective 16, para. 32(a)(e)(g)(i): Empower migrants and societies to realize full inclusion and social cohesion
  • Objective 18, para. 34(h): Invest in skills development and facilitate mutual recognition of skills, qualifications and competences
  • Objective 20, para. 36(e)(h): Promote faster, safer and cheaper transfer of remittances and foster financial inclusion of migrants
  • Objective 21, para. 37(b): Cooperate in facilitating safe and dignified return and readmission, as well as sustainable reintegration

The Global Compact for Migration (GCM) report is available in AR, ZH, EN, FR, RU, ES.

Contents using this term
Regional UNNM for Arab States Pledges commitment to support mainstreaming of migration Pledge
Présentation HurifbaPledge
Jincemon JoyPledge
“First Steps in Milan”: Ensuring Access to Educational and Childcare Services for and Newly Arrived Migrant and Refugee FamiliesPledge
Regularización a la “vuelta de la esquina": implementación de servicios de regularización integrados (MAC)Practice Repository
Coordinated Management of the DTM at the Chilean-Bolivian border Practice Repository
Kenya GCM Implementation Plan (2023-2027)Practice Repository
Workshop on “The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM)” in the framework of the Almaty ProcessEvents
Support Programme for Indigenous Communities in the Context of Climate Change, Environmental Degradation, and Deforestation Practice Repository
Integration of human mobility due to environmental and climate reasons in Ecuador's National Plan for Climate Change Adaptation Practice Repository
National Migration Law, 20 years afterResource
Policy brief on the Effects of Climate Mobility on Women and Girls in the MENA region Resource
Collection of information on international migrants in the Brazilian Demographic CensusPractice Repository
Green Yoma for Youth on the MovePractice Repository
Collecting data about women’s climate change displacement in MexicoPractice Repository
Kenya’s GCM implementation planPledge
Memorias MigrantesPractice Repository
Recommendations on Regional Coordination and Information Exchange Mechanisms in the Search for Missing Persons in the Context of MigrationPractice Repository
Enhancing Community Resilience and Local Governance Project in South Sudan (ECRP Phase I and Phase II)Practice Repository
Transhumance Tracking Tool (TTT)Practice Repository

*References to Kosovo shall be understood to be in the context of United Nations Security Council resolution 1244 (1999).