Skip to main content

Human rights

Cross-cutting theme in the Global Compact for Migration

The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) is based on a set of cross-cutting and interdependent guiding principles. This page provides resources for the guiding principle of Human Rights:

“By implementing the Global Compact, we ensure effective respect for and protection and fulfilment of the human rights of all migrants, regardless of their migration status, across all stages of the migration cycle." (GCM, 2018: para. 15)

The Global Compact for Migration provides a comprehensive roadmap to ensure the effective respect, protection and fulfilment of the human rights of migrants. A human rights based approach is relevant to ensure the successful implementation of all Objectives of the GCM. 


Human rights in the text of the Global Compact

The guiding principle of Human Rights is also mentioned in the following sections of the GCM:

  • Preamble, para. 2, 4
  • Shared Responsibility, para. 11, 12
  • Unity of Purpose, para. 15(j)
  • Objective 1, para. (17): Collect and utilize accurate and disaggregated data as a basis for evidence-based policies
  • Objective 2, para. 18(b)(c)(h): Minimize the adverse drivers and structural factors that compel people to leave their country of origin
  • Objective 3, para. 19(c): Provide accurate and timely information at all stages of migration
  • Objective 4, para. 20 (f): Ensure that all migrants have proof of legal identity and adequate documentation
  • Objective 5, para. 21(a): Enhance availability and flexibility of pathways for regular migration
  • Objective 6, para. 22(f)(g)(h)(l): Facilitate fair and ethical recruitment and safeguard conditions that ensure decent work
  • Objective 7, para. 23 (a)(b)(l): Address and reduce vulnerabilities in migration
  • Objective 9, para. 25 (c): Strengthen the transnational response to smuggling of migrants
  • Objective 11, para. 27 (a)(c)(g): Manage borders in an integrated, secure and coordinated manner
  • Objective 12, para. 28 (b)(c): Strengthen certainty and predictability in migration procedures for appropriate screening, assessment and referral
  • Objective 13, para. 29 (a)(b)(c)(f)(g): Use migration detention only as a measure of last resort and work towards alternatives
  • Objective 14, para. 30 (d): Enhance consular protection, assistance and cooperation throughout the migration cycle
  • Objective 15, para. 31 (b)(d): Provide access to basic services for migrants
  • Objective 17, para. 33 (b)(d): Eliminate all forms of discrimination and promote evidence-based public discourse to shape perceptions of migration
  • Objective 21, para. 37 (a)(e)(f): Cooperate in facilitating safe and dignified return and readmission, as well as sustainable reintegration
  • Section on Implementation, para. 44

The Global Compact for Migration (GCM) report is available in AR, ZH, EN, FR, RU, ES.

Contents using this term
Addressing the complexities behind the smuggling of migrantsEvents05 Jun 2023
Programa especial de visado humanitario para personas nacionales y residentes en México, Centroamérica y el Caribe desplazadas por desastres socio-naturalesPledge24 May 2023
Establishment of a cross-city Taskforce on Migrant InclusionPledge05 May 2023
Implement and monitor the Municipal Plan of Policies for the Immigrant Population 2021-2024Pledge05 May 2023
City Initiative on Migrants with Irregular Status in EuropePledge05 May 2023
EDUCATIONPledge01 Apr 2023
Missing Migrants: preventing & addressing loss of life and the risk of going missing in migration routesEvents14 Mar 2023
The role of data to protect migrants’ rightsEvents07 Mar 2023
GCM Talk: Missing migrants and Humanitarian assistanceEvents06 Mar 2023
Recommendations on the protection of women human rights defenders at risk in migration contextsResource23 Feb 2023
MobileRemit AfricaPractice Repository06 Feb 2023
Sesiones de formación de periodistas en migración, medio ambiente y cambio climáticoPractice Repository23 Jan 2023
Kenya National Coordination Mechanism on Migration (NCM): County Outreach ProgramPractice Repository20 Dec 2022
Report of Day 2, Regional Network launch event: “Promoting Alternatives to Immigration Detention in the Asia Pacific Region"Resource12 Dec 2022
Launch event of the report, “Promoting Alternatives to Immigration Detention in the Asia Pacific Region”Events08 Dec 2022
Immigration Detention and Alternatives to Detention in the Asia-Pacific RegionResource08 Dec 2022
Fair and Ethical Recruitment Due Diligence ToolkitResource06 Dec 2022
Unidad de Migración del Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social Practice Repository05 Dec 2022
Regional Meeting on Promoting Alternatives to Immigration Detention in the Asia Pacific RegionVideo01 Dec 2022
Derechos Políticos de personas migrantes: experiencia del Consejo Municipal de Migrantes en el municipio de San Pablo Practice Repository08 Nov 2022