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Human rights

GCM Guiding Principles
Human rights

Human rights

The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) is based on a set of cross-cutting and interdependent guiding principles. This page provides resources for the guiding principle of Human Rights:

“By implementing the Global Compact, we ensure effective respect for and protection and fulfilment of the human rights of all migrants, regardless of their migration status, across all stages of the migration cycle." (GCM, 2018: para. 15)

The Global Compact for Migration provides a comprehensive roadmap to ensure the effective respect, protection and fulfilment of the human rights of migrants. A human rights based approach is relevant to ensure the successful implementation of all Objectives of the GCM. 


Human rights in the text of the Global Compact

The guiding principle of Human Rights is also mentioned in the following sections of the GCM:

  • Preamble, para. 2, 4
  • Shared Responsibility, para. 11, 12
  • Unity of Purpose, para. 15(j)
  • Objective 1, para. (17): Collect and utilize accurate and disaggregated data as a basis for evidence-based policies
  • Objective 2, para. 18(b)(c)(h): Minimize the adverse drivers and structural factors that compel people to leave their country of origin
  • Objective 3, para. 19(c): Provide accurate and timely information at all stages of migration
  • Objective 4, para. 20 (f): Ensure that all migrants have proof of legal identity and adequate documentation
  • Objective 5, para. 21(a): Enhance availability and flexibility of pathways for regular migration
  • Objective 6, para. 22(f)(g)(h)(l): Facilitate fair and ethical recruitment and safeguard conditions that ensure decent work
  • Objective 7, para. 23 (a)(b)(l): Address and reduce vulnerabilities in migration
  • Objective 9, para. 25 (c): Strengthen the transnational response to smuggling of migrants
  • Objective 11, para. 27 (a)(c)(g): Manage borders in an integrated, secure and coordinated manner
  • Objective 12, para. 28 (b)(c): Strengthen certainty and predictability in migration procedures for appropriate screening, assessment and referral
  • Objective 13, para. 29 (a)(b)(c)(f)(g): Use migration detention only as a measure of last resort and work towards alternatives
  • Objective 14, para. 30 (d): Enhance consular protection, assistance and cooperation throughout the migration cycle
  • Objective 15, para. 31 (b)(d): Provide access to basic services for migrants
  • Objective 17, para. 33 (b)(d): Eliminate all forms of discrimination and promote evidence-based public discourse to shape perceptions of migration
  • Objective 21, para. 37 (a)(e)(f): Cooperate in facilitating safe and dignified return and readmission, as well as sustainable reintegration
  • Section on Implementation, para. 44

The Global Compact for Migration (GCM) report is available in AR, ZH, EN, FR, RU, ES.

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*References to Kosovo shall be understood to be in the context of United Nations Security Council resolution 1244 (1999).