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Whole-of-society approach

Cross-cutting theme in the Global Compact for Migration

The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) is based on a set of cross-cutting and interdependent guiding principles. This page provides resources for the guiding principle of Whole-of-society approach:

“Whole-of-society approach. The Global Compact promotes broad multi-stakeholder partnerships to address migration in all its dimensions by including migrants, diasporas, local communities, civil society, academia, the private sector, parliamentarians, trade unions, national human rights institutions, the media and other relevant stakeholders in migration governance." (GCM, 2018: para. 15)

A whole-of-society approach entails the robust participation of migrants and host community members in the implementation, follow-up and review of the Global Compact for Migration (GCM), as part of meaningful multi-stakeholder engagement. This requires government actors to create environments that are inclusive, safe and sustainable. A whole-of-society approach helps to ensure the participation of those who often face significant structural barriers to participation in migration policymaking, such as migrants themselves and migrant-led organizations. It is important to provide spaces where all actors can engage in an active, free, and informed manner. The GCM will be implemented in cooperation and partnership with migrants, civil society, migrant and diaspora organizations, faith-based organizations, local authorities and communities, the private sector, trade unions, parliamentarians, national human rights institutions, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, academia, the media and other relevant stakeholders (GCM, para 44). 


Whole-of-society approach in the text of the Global Compact

The Whole-of-society approach is also mentioned in the following sections of the GCM:

  • Objective 17, para. 33: Eliminate all forms of discrimination and promote evidence-based public discourse to shape perceptions of migration
  • Objective 23, para. 39(a): Strengthen international cooperation and global partnerships for safe, orderly and regular migration
  • Paragraphs 41, 44, 48, and 53

The Global Compact for Migration (GCM) report is available in AR, ZH, EN, FR, RU, ES.

    Contents using this term
    Summary Report- IMRF Informal Interactive Multi-stakeholder HearingResource06 Jun 2022
    The present and future of the Global CompactsEvents30 May 2022
    Developing partnerships in the IGAD regionPractice Repository25 May 2022
    Localizing the Global Compacts: First Report on Local Action for Migrants and Refugees - 2022Resource20 May 2022
    Philippines-Bahrain Partnership on the Issuance of Flexible VisasPractice Repository13 May 2022
    Addressing Trafficking Cases of Overseas FilipinosPractice Repository13 May 2022
    Implementing the Global Compact for safe, orderly and regular migration: Guidance for governments and all relevant stakeholdersResource13 May 2022
    Accompanying Migrant Minors with Protection, Advocacy, Representation and Opportunities (AMMPARO)Practice Repository13 May 2022
    Chamas in ActionPractice Repository12 May 2022
    Concept of Migration Policy of the Kyrgyz Republic 2030Practice Repository10 May 2022
    UNDP Five Pillar Approach to Engage Diasporas in Local DevelopmentPractice Repository04 May 2022
    Establishment of “Migration Volunteers” Public Union to facilitate mutual understanding and appreciation of migrant cultures and those of destination Practice Repository04 May 2022
    Promoting the sustainable return and reintegration of Azerbaijani returnees- RESTART projectPractice Repository04 May 2022
    The Essentials of Migration Management (EMM2.0)Practice Repository29 Apr 2022
    Anti-Discrimination and COVID-19 Advocacy ToolResource27 Apr 2022
    Policy brief for the Inclusion of All Migrants in Bahrain’s COVID-19 Vaccination ProgrammePractice Repository13 Apr 2022
    North Africa – Mainstreaming and strengthening labour migration into national labour market information systemsPractice Repository11 Apr 2022
    Supporting Government of Tajikistan with tracking and monitoring of displacement and population mobilityPractice Repository07 Apr 2022
    Interconnection of the Public Employment Services of the Quito Process CountriesPractice Repository04 Apr 2022
    Regional Scheme for Skills Certification in Latin America and the Caribbean.Practice Repository04 Apr 2022