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Whole-of-society approach

Cross-cutting theme in the Global Compact for Migration

The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) is based on a set of cross-cutting and interdependent guiding principles. This page provides resources for the guiding principle of Whole-of-society approach:

“Whole-of-society approach. The Global Compact promotes broad multi-stakeholder partnerships to address migration in all its dimensions by including migrants, diasporas, local communities, civil society, academia, the private sector, parliamentarians, trade unions, national human rights institutions, the media and other relevant stakeholders in migration governance." (GCM, 2018: para. 15)

A whole-of-society approach entails the robust participation of migrants and host community members in the implementation, follow-up and review of the Global Compact for Migration (GCM), as part of meaningful multi-stakeholder engagement. This requires government actors to create environments that are inclusive, safe and sustainable. A whole-of-society approach helps to ensure the participation of those who often face significant structural barriers to participation in migration policymaking, such as migrants themselves and migrant-led organizations. It is important to provide spaces where all actors can engage in an active, free, and informed manner. The GCM will be implemented in cooperation and partnership with migrants, civil society, migrant and diaspora organizations, faith-based organizations, local authorities and communities, the private sector, trade unions, parliamentarians, national human rights institutions, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, academia, the media and other relevant stakeholders (GCM, para 44). 


Whole-of-society approach in the text of the Global Compact

The Whole-of-society approach is also mentioned in the following sections of the GCM:

  • Objective 17, para. 33: Eliminate all forms of discrimination and promote evidence-based public discourse to shape perceptions of migration
  • Objective 23, para. 39(a): Strengthen international cooperation and global partnerships for safe, orderly and regular migration
  • Paragraphs 41, 44, 48, and 53

The Global Compact for Migration (GCM) report is available in AR, ZH, EN, FR, RU, ES.

    Contents using this term
    Climate mobility and labour migration in a just transitionEvents11 Nov 2022
    Partnerships to address the challenges and opportunities of human mobility in the context of changing climate and disastersEvents11 Nov 2022
    Strengthening action on climate change and human mobility: building synergies, coordinating actionsEvents10 Nov 2022
    Derechos Políticos de personas migrantes: experiencia del Consejo Municipal de Migrantes en el municipio de San Pablo Practice Repository08 Nov 2022
    HABITABLE: Linking Climate Change, Habitability and Social Tipping Points: Scenarios for Climate MigrationProjects26 Oct 2022
    Migration Profiles RepositoryResource21 Oct 2022
    Mainstreaming Migration into Development Planning: A Handbook for Policy-makers and PractitionersResource21 Oct 2022
    From promises to practice: Towards the effective implementation of the Global Compact on MigrationEvents18 Oct 2022
    Regional dialogue to address human mobility and climate change adaptation in the Eastern Caribbean StatesPractice Repository08 Oct 2022
    Migration Policy Practice (Vol. XI, Number 4, December 2021–April 2022)Resource28 Sep 2022
    Migration MattersPledge27 Sep 2022
    “El balón no tiene fronteras”, cohesión comunitaria a través del deportePractice Repository02 Sep 2022
    Progress Declaration of the International Migration Review ForumResource25 Aug 2022
    Unidad de Integración Migratoria de la Superintendencia Nacional de Migraciones (MIGRACIONES) en el PerúPractice Repository19 Aug 2022
    Compromiso MigrantePractice Repository18 Aug 2022
    Creación del Equipo Especializado en Personas Migrantes y en Condición de Refugio del Ministerio de la Defensa Pública de ParaguayPractice Repository16 Aug 2022
    Sello Migrante Practice Repository15 Aug 2022
    Nsom Marcel NuhPledge12 Aug 2022
    West and Central Africa — Regional Data Hub General Infosheet (December 2021)Resource10 Aug 2022
    Employing migrants and refugees to protect Namiiro WetlandPledge09 Aug 2022