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Whole-of-society approach

Cross-cutting theme in the Global Compact for Migration

The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) is based on a set of cross-cutting and interdependent guiding principles. This page provides resources for the guiding principle of Whole-of-society approach:

“Whole-of-society approach. The Global Compact promotes broad multi-stakeholder partnerships to address migration in all its dimensions by including migrants, diasporas, local communities, civil society, academia, the private sector, parliamentarians, trade unions, national human rights institutions, the media and other relevant stakeholders in migration governance." (GCM, 2018: para. 15)

A whole-of-society approach entails the robust participation of migrants and host community members in the implementation, follow-up and review of the Global Compact for Migration (GCM), as part of meaningful multi-stakeholder engagement. This requires government actors to create environments that are inclusive, safe and sustainable. A whole-of-society approach helps to ensure the participation of those who often face significant structural barriers to participation in migration policymaking, such as migrants themselves and migrant-led organizations. It is important to provide spaces where all actors can engage in an active, free, and informed manner. The GCM will be implemented in cooperation and partnership with migrants, civil society, migrant and diaspora organizations, faith-based organizations, local authorities and communities, the private sector, trade unions, parliamentarians, national human rights institutions, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, academia, the media and other relevant stakeholders (GCM, para 44). 


Whole-of-society approach in the text of the Global Compact

The Whole-of-society approach is also mentioned in the following sections of the GCM:

  • Objective 17, para. 33: Eliminate all forms of discrimination and promote evidence-based public discourse to shape perceptions of migration
  • Objective 23, para. 39(a): Strengthen international cooperation and global partnerships for safe, orderly and regular migration
  • Paragraphs 41, 44, 48, and 53

The Global Compact for Migration (GCM) report is available in AR, ZH, EN, FR, RU, ES.

    Contents using this term
    Kenya’s GCM implementation planPledge
    Cooperation between Red Cross and Red Crescent National Societies and their Governments to provide humanitarian assistance and protectionPractice Repository
    Memorias MigrantesPractice Repository
    Collection of information on international migrants in the Brazilian Demographic CensusPractice Repository
    Recommendations on Regional Coordination and Information Exchange Mechanisms in the Search for Missing Persons in the Context of MigrationPractice Repository
    Identification of the deceased migrants from Mauritania, related to a shipwrecked vessel found in the coast of Trinidad and TobagoPractice Repository
    Enhancing Community Resilience and Local Governance Project in South Sudan (ECRP Phase I and Phase II)Practice Repository
    Transhumance Tracking Tool (TTT)Practice Repository
    Breaking the Climate Conflict Cycle in Galmudug, SomaliaPractice Repository
    Climate Migration in Urban Areas: Challenges, Representations and InclusionPractice Repository
    Environmental Migration Portal: Knowledge Platform on People on the Move in a Changing Climate Practice Repository
    Training for Policy Makers and Practitioners on Migration, Environment, Climate Change and AdaptationPractice Repository
    Red Cross of North Macedonia Humanitarian Service Point in Lojane Practice Repository
    Migrant Protection Beta Groups (“Grupos Beta” in Spanish)Practice Repository
    Migrant Electoral GuidePractice Repository
    Missing and Deceased Migrant Program (MDMP)Practice Repository
    Humanitarian Rescue Operations (HRO) as part of the Migrant Response and Resource Mechanism (MRRM)Practice Repository
    Medical assistance provided to migrants in NigerPractice Repository
    Search and Rescue (SAR) missions for stranded migrants in NigerPractice Repository
    Assistance and promotion of vulnerable migrants along the entire northern Mediterranean coast of MoroccoPractice Repository

    *References to Kosovo shall be understood to be in the context of United Nations Security Council resolution 1244 (1999).